Twentieth Century Psychology: Recent Developments in Psychology

By Philip Lawrence Harriman | Go to book overview

THE EFFECT OF MENTAL DISORDER ON INTELLIGENCE*

ANNE ROE AND DAVID SHAKOW


INTRODUCTION

The use of psychometric methods in connection with clinical and research work in mental disorders, has been greatly hampered because there have been insufficient data to permit interpretation of the results. In dealing with abnormal persons, a number of questions arise which cannot be answered by the data accumulated on children, on whom most tests have been standardized, or even by data on normal adults when these are available. But these problems must be solved, at least in a general way, if test results are to be meaningful in the individual case.

In spite of the many and legitimate objections which can be raised with respect to the Stanford-Binet in use with adults, it has generally been the test of choice in the clinical situation, because of the variety of tasks involved and the insight which it can afford to a trained examiner. It is particularly the trained and sensitive examiner, however, who has most appreciated the need for data which would make it possible to place an individual with regard to his own psychiatric classification as well as with regard to normal standards. Further, there have been few data on the relative significance of the individual items as indicators of departure from normality.

____________________
*
The full technical report of the work on which this paper is based will be found in Roe and Shakow, Intelligence in Mental Disorder, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, XLII, 1942, 361-190.

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