Human Organization Research: Field Relations and Techniques

By Richard N. Adams; Jack J. Preiss | Go to book overview

CHAPTER XIII
THE FIELD WORKER IN UNION RESEARCH*

John Gullahorn and George Strauss.

ONE OF the most difficult problems faced by the field researcher is that of structuring and maintaining his role. The role he adopts must be one that will gain acceptance by others yet allow him to do the research-all without too much emotional strain upon himself.

The following discussion of problems that we faced while engaged in human-relations research in local unions is offered as an additional contribution to the growing literature involving "human relations skills in social research."1 Our conclusions are drawn primarily from personal experience with one situation involving a CIO union that replaced an "Independent" union in a large manufacturing company; however, reference will be made to other cases with which we are familiar.2

The fact that both authors worked on the same situation was pure coincidence. Strauss's interest was in the general area of human relations in local unions and, in particular, the development of the CIO locals in this situation. Gullahorn was involved in making an intensive study of social relations in one department within the plant. Upon completing that study, he began research into role conflicts faced by union officers. Although we exchanged notes and consulted each other as to strategy, our work was essentially independent.

Our research techniques included observation of membership and committee meetings of all kinds, participation in informal gatherings, non-structured interviews, and use of documentary data from union files. Interviews were held after meetings, in the union offices and at the members' homes. Gullahorn also observed union-management grievance nego-

____________________
*
Modified from Human Organization, Vol. 13, No. 3 ( 1954), pp. 28-32.
1
Floyd C. Mann ( 1951), Floyd C. Mann and Ronald Lippitt ( 1952a), Burleigh B. Gardner and William F. Whyte ( 1946), and Stephen Richardson (11).
2
Field work done by Strauss formed part of the research background for The Local Union; see George Strauss and Leonard R. Sayles ( 1953). Part of the work was supported by the Grant Foundation. Gullahorn's research was supported in part by the Laboratory of Social Relations, Harvard University.

-153-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Human Organization Research: Field Relations and Techniques
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 456

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.