NOTE ON THE SOURCES
In 1994, the French Foreign Ministry archives renumbered many of the files
relating to France's European diplomacy. I had already completed the bulk of my
research by then, and so most of the notes use the old numbering system. However, I continued to do research after the reorganization, and used the new
numbering system in my citations. Thus, in parts of chapters 4 and 5 and most of
chapter 6, I have added an asterisk (*) to indicate where the new numbering
system has been used.
Unless otherwise noted, translations of French-language sources are my own.
In addition to the abbreviations used in the text, the following source abbreviations are utilized in the notes.
| AN|| Archives Nationales, Paris|
| DBPO|| Documents on British Policy Overseas|
| DDF|| Documents Diplomatiques Français|
| FRUS|| Foreign Relations of the United States|
| MAE|| Ministère des Affaires Etrangères, Paris|
| NARA|| National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.|
Public Record Office, Kew|
Milward, The Reconstruction of Western Europe, 501.
Elgey's two volumes on the Fourth Republic, La République des illusions and La République des contradictions, make wonderful reading, but the author was
drawn more to scandal, deceit, and personalities than to policy. Fauvet, in La
IVème République, provides a useful overview but emphasizes the political and
institutional failures of the regime. Two other negative assessments may be
found in Werth, France, 1940-1955, and de la Gorce, Apogée et mort de la IVème
République, which stresses the colonial wars of the period. A contemporary American assessment was given by Schoenbrun, As France Goes. For an effort to rehabilitate the Fourth Republic, one that curiously neglects the positive record in
foreign affairs and economic policy, see Fonvielle-Alquier, Plaidoyer pour la IVème
République. The most thorough, and on balance favorable, assessment of the
period is offered in Rioux, The Fourth Republic. Eisenhower quotation cited in Steininger, "John Foster Dulles, the European Defense Community, and the
Gerbet, Le relèvement; Young, France, the Cold War, and the Western Alliance; Buffet, Mourir pour Berlin; Bossuat, La France, l'aide américaine et la construction
européenne; Wall, The United States and the Making of Postwar France; Gillingham, Coal, Steel, and the Rebirth of Europe; Poidevin, Robert Schuman, l'homme d'état; Dalloz, Georges Bidault; Kuisel, Capitalism and the State in Modern France.
Wall, The United States and the Making of Postwar France, 8. The French title