ASTROLOGICAL "CHARACTERS" IN DOCTOR FAUSTUS' MAGIC CIRCLE
WHEN CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE'S Doctor Faustus decides that his studies in philosophy, law, physic, and divinity are odious, petty, and contemptible, he becomes "ravished" with a desire for magical knowledge. To prepare himself for the practice of magic and various necromantic skills, Faustus turns not only to books of occult lore but also to works of astrology. His friends, Valdes and Cornelius, who have continually reminded him of all the wonders he can accomplish should he know how to raise spirits, inform him that astrology must be one of the bases of his study. Cornelius explains to him:
He that is grounded in astrology,
Enriched with tongues, well seen in minerals,
Hath all the principles magic doth require.
Marlowe found the astrological proclivities of Faustus stated in the primary source of his play, the English Faustbook, wherein we read:
Faustus accompanied himselfe with divers that were seen2 in the divilish Arts, and that had the Chaldean, Persian, Hebrew, Arabian, and Greeke tongues, using Figures, Characters, Conjurations, Incantations, with many other ceremonies belonging to the infernal Arts, . . . in so much that hee . . . waxed a worldly man, and named himselfe an Astrologian, and a Mathematician: & . . . sometimes a Phisistian.3
The Faustbook as well as the Doctor's friendly advisers are entirely____________________