Memories, Thoughts, and Emotions: Essays in Honor of George Mandler

By William Kessen; Andrew Ortony et al. | Go to book overview

while to have pushed organizational ideas off center stage. In our review of this literature, we have recast some of the organizational ideas in terms of a network of reactivated semantic associations which are used in encoding list items and in cuing their retrieval in inter-related clusters. Our review concluded by showing how a subtle organizational influence, the Yes/No effect in free recall of semantic associates, could be found as predicted by our associative analysis of the standard LOP experiment.

The thematic path of research we have traced is just one of many our field will associate with George Mandler. He has been a powerful, influential force for the past 35 years in determining the direction of research on human memory. The body of his memory research work, alongside his many other provocative writings on philosophy of mind, emotion, and value, stands as eloquent testimony to the generative originality of this brilliant scientist. We are much in his debt for having stimulated and guided our collective research enterprise.


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The first author's research is supported by an NIMH grant MH-13950 and grant AFOSR 87-0282 from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research. David Bryant is a graduate student at Stanford University. It is fitting that his undergraduate training was at the University of Toronto, an institution where George Mandler worked in the 1960s. During that time, Bryant worked with Endel Tulving, an important collaborator with Mandler on the organizational approach to memory.


REFERENCES

Anderson J. R. ( 1972). "A simulation model of free recall". In G. H. Bower (Ed.), The psychology of learning and motivation (pp. 315-378). New York: Academic Press.

Anderson J. R., & Bower G. H. ( 1972). "Recognition and retrieval processes in free recall". Psychological Review, 79, 97-123.

Anderson J. R., & Bower G. H. ( 1973). Human associative memory. New York: Wiley.

Anderson J. R., & Bower G. H. ( 1974). "A propositional theory of recognition memory". Memory & Cognition, 2, 406-412.

Anderson J. R., & Reder L. M. ( 1979). "An elaborative processing explanation of depth of processing". In F. I. M. Craik & L. S. Cermak (Eds.), Levels of processing in human memory (pp. 385- 403). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Asch S. E. ( 1969). "Reformulation of the problem of association". American Psychologist, 24, 92- 102.

Battig W. F., & Bellezza F. S. ( 1979). "Organization and levels of processing". In C. R. Puff (Ed.), Memory organization and structure (pp. 321-346). New York: Academic Press.

Bellezza F. S., Cheesman F. L., & Reddy B. G. ( 1977). "Organization and semantic elaboration in free recall". Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 3, 539-550.

Bousfield W. A. ( 1953). "The occurrence of clustering in the recall of randomly arranged associates". Journal of General Psychology, 49, 229-240.

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Memories, Thoughts, and Emotions: Essays in Honor of George Mandler
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface ix
  • I RECOLLECTIONS 1
  • 1: George 3
  • 2: Luck Was a Lady That Day 13
  • 3: Questions and Answers 17
  • II FROM ASSOCIATION TO STRUCTURE 33
  • 4: LEARNING BY ASSOCIATION: TWO TRIBUTES TO GEORGE MANDLER 35
  • Conclusion 39
  • Conclusion 40
  • Conclusion 40
  • PREFATORY REMARKS TO CHAPTER 5 42
  • References 44
  • 5: Learning the Structure of Event Sequences 45
  • Introduction 46
  • Introduction 63
  • 6: Subitizing: The Preverbal Counting Process 65
  • Conclusion 79
  • Conclusion 80
  • Conclusion 80
  • Preface 82
  • 7: Some Trends in the Study of Cognition 83
  • 8: Language Use and Language Judgment 99
  • III MEMORY 123
  • References 132
  • 10: Implicit and Explicit Memory: An Old Model for New Findings 135
  • Acknowledgments 145
  • References 145
  • 11: On Relating the Organizational Theory of Memory to Levels of Processing 149
  • Acknowledgments 166
  • References 166
  • 12: Memory for Representations of Visual Objects 169
  • References 180
  • References 181
  • 13: On the Specificity of Procedural Memory 183
  • 14: Cognitive Pathologies of Memory: A Headed Records Analysis1 199
  • VI CONSCIOUSNESS 211
  • 15: The Revival of Consciousness in Cognitive Science 213
  • 16: Question Answering and the Organization of World Knowledge 227
  • 17: The Unity of Consciousness: A Connectionist Account 245
  • References 255
  • References 255
  • 18: Understanding Understanding 257
  • 19: What Every Cognitive Psychologist Should Know about the Mind of a Child 277
  • References 286
  • V EMOTION 289
  • PREFATORY REMARKS TO CHAPTER 20 290
  • 20: Making Sense Out of Emotion: The Representation and Use of Goal-structured Knowledge 295
  • 21: The Emotion-in-Relationships Model: Reflections and Update 323
  • 22: Value and Emotion 337
  • Acknowledgments 351
  • Acknowledgments 352
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