The Soviet Bureaucratic Elite: A Case Study of the Ukrainian Apparatus

By John A. Armstrong | Go to book overview

6
Mechanisms of Control

ALONGSIDE the main channel of Party authority comprising the first secretaries are a number of auxiliary Party branches. Among the most important are those which would be called in American administrative terminology the "staff" agencies. The basic purpose of the staff agencies is to see that the Party machinery functions efficiently in response to the will of the central authorities. These branches of the apparatus do not themselves supervise the activities of the population in general, or the economy, but they endeavor to ensure that the Party and the other control organizations are in a position to do so.1

During the period between 1938 and 1941 the staff agencies occupied an unusually important role in the Ukrainian apparatus, for the wholesale depletion of the upper and middle levels of the Party and state hierarchies by the Great Purge necessitated sweeping replacement of personnel and close supervision and instruction of the newly-appointed officials. During and immediately after the Purge, the tasks of personnel assignment and organizational supervision within the Party ("internal" Party affairs) were assigned to the Section of Directing Party Organs, while corresponding tasks for state and economic institutions were allocated to the "industrial" sections of the Party Committees. In March, 1939, these functions were divided between a cadres (personnel) section and an organization-instruction section; the jurisdiction of the new sections extended to the state and economic bureaucracies as well as to the Party itself, however.2

In spite of the division of the staff functions, overall direction of these tasks continued to be in the hands of a single official, the second secretary of the KP(b)U, Mikhail Alekseevich Burmistenko.

-72-

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The Soviet Bureaucratic Elite: A Case Study of the Ukrainian Apparatus
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Acknowledgments *
  • Contents *
  • 1- Identifying the Decision-Makers 1
  • Footnotes to Chapter 1 9
  • 2- The Elite as a Social Group 11
  • Footnotes to Chapter 2 28
  • 3- Training for Rule 31
  • Footnotes to Chapter 3 43
  • 4- Bosses of the Apparatus 45
  • Footnotes to Chapter 4 58
  • Footnotes to Chapter 5 70
  • 6- Mechanisms of Control 72
  • Footnotes to Chapter 6 85
  • 7- Indoctrination Specialists 88
  • Footnotes to Chapter 7 103
  • 8- The Apparatus in Crisis: Expansion 105
  • Footnotes to Chapter 8 123
  • 9- The Apparatus in Crisis: War 126
  • Footnotes to Chapter 9 138
  • 10- A New Oligarchy? 142
  • Footnotes to Chapter 10 151
  • Bibliography 152
  • Index 163
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