Greet van Amstel ( 1903-1981), born in Amsterdam, belonged to an anarchistic youth movement. In the Twenties she lived with her husband in Berlin where she met, among other artists, Georg Grosz and Kurt Schwitters. After the German invasion of Holland, she immediately joined the resistance, as she did not want to be caught only because she was Jewish. She was deported to Auschwitz. After the war she became well known for her sculptures, her paintings and poems, recollected in Verboden te leven (Forbidden to Live).
Elie A. Cohen ( 1909-1993) neurologist; survived Auschwitz, a number of other camps and the death marches. Much later, he wrote about his experiences in three books: De afgrond (The Abyss), De negentien treinen naar Sobibor (Nineteen Trains to Sobibor) and Beelden uit de nacht (Images of the Night). In 1952, he published his dissertation Human behaviour in the concentration camp ( New York), one of the first efforts to analyse the psychological defence mechanisms of camp inmates. The New York Times Of 13 April 1952 called it a cool, dispassionate inquiry into the mentality of the camps, why the Nazi masters and the prisoners acted as they did.
Gerard Durlacher ( 1928-1996), born in Baden-Baden, Germany. He came to Holland in 1936, after his father was offered a job as a sales representative there. In 1942 the family was caught and taken to Westerbork. From there they were transported to Theresienstadt and later to Auschwitz-Birkenau. After the war he returned to Holland and became a lecturer in sociology at the University of Amsterdam. Stripes in the Sky was first published in 1985, Drowning in 1987, Quarantaine in 1993.
Moshe Flinker ( 1926-1944?), born in The Hague into an Orthodox Jewish family. Fled with his father, mother, five sisters and a brother in November 1942 to Brussels, Belgium. Began to write a diary in Hebrew there. Betrayed by a Jewish informer, the family was arrested on the eve of Pesach 1944 and deported to Auschwitz. All his sisters and his brother survived the camp, Moshe and both his parents were killed. His diary -- in Hebrew -- was published in 1958, an English edition appeared in 1965, the Dutch translation in 1973.
Anne Frank ( 1929-1945), born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, the second child of Otto Frank and Edith Holländer. In 1933 the family moved to Amsterdam in response to the increasing threat of National-Socialism. For her thirteenth birthday ( 12 June 1942) her father gave her a diary, planning to go into hiding very soon afterwards. During the period of hiding ( 6 July 1942-4 August 1944) Anne would write almost daily in her diary. On 4 August the eight people in hiding