Richard Upjohn, Architect and Churchman

By Everard M. Upjohn | Go to book overview

. 8 .
FOUNDATION OF THE INSTITUTE

THE FIRST architectural organization in America of which any record has been preserved gloried in the title of "The Brethren of the Workshop of Vitruvius." Almost nothing is known about this group beyond its name and that it was in existence in 1803. How much earlier it may have been founded and how much later it lived, who were its members and what were its aims have yet to be discovered. Since it described itself as an order, it may have been a fraternal organization. McComb, one of the architects of the New York City Hall, is said to have belonged to it. Its membership can hardly have been large, since only four names in the City Directory confessed to the profession of architecture and only one of them, Levi Weeks, failed to cite some other occupation. Probably builders were admitted, and very likely amateurs as well.1

More important is the American Institution of Architects, founded at a meeting in the Astor House, New York, on December 6, 1836.2 Alexander J. Davis was appointed chairman3 and Thomas U. Walter secretary. Both were eminent then and are still remembered as leaders of the profession in their time. Of the others present at that first gathering, Isaiah Rogers and William Strickland were the most famous. Ithiel Town, Minard Lefever, Asher Benjamin, Alexander Parris, and Ammi B. Young endorsed the

____________________
1
Architectural Record, XXXVIII ( Aug., 1915), 287-88.
2
T. U. Walter, Address in Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Convention of the American Institute of Architects, 1870, pp. 207-8.
3
Or William Strickland as president. Walter says in his address that Strickland presided on December 7, 1836. See also George Champlin Mason , "Professional Ancestry of the Philadelphia Chapter", in Journal of the American Institute of Architects, I ( Sept., 1913), 371-86.

-157-

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Richard Upjohn, Architect and Churchman
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Foreword v
  • Preface vii
  • Contents xi
  • Illustrations xiii
  • 1: Introduction 3
  • 2 - Birth and Early Life 18
  • 3 - Launching a Career 30
  • 4 - Trinity Church 47
  • 5 - Early Maturity--The Formation Of a Style 68
  • 6 - Production in Quantity 101
  • 7 - Some Matters Of Professional Practice 134
  • 8 - Foundation of the Institute 157
  • 9 - The Impact of the Victorian 174
  • 10: Epilogue 189
  • Appendix 195
  • Illustrations *
  • Bibliography 227
  • Index 229
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