THIS BOOK IS DESIGNED for both student teachers and experienced teachers. The author hopes that it will also be useful to the administrator and supervisor who is not well prepared in geography but whose duties involve the direction and supervision of instruction in geography and the social studies.
If the study of geography is to have significance and value to the student the teacher must understand the nature of dynamic, functional geography. He also must know how to develop effectively the skills and abilities involved in reading and interpreting such geographic tools as maps, pictures, the local landscape, graphs, statistics, and reading materials. Only through the mastery of these tools can geographic learning proceed easily and effectively.
The mastery of these tools of learning comes gradually through a careful step by step development of specific skills and abilities as they are used in the acquisition of geographic material. The author attempts to show in a concrete and practical way with numerous illustrations drawn from the classroom how the student may be taught to read and interpret maps, pictures, graphs, and the landscape and use them as sources of geographic information. Even the reading of geographic materials in textbooks and references demands specific reading skills and abilities. If the ability to use these tools of learning are developed effectively, the student will be able to use geography long after specific facts have been forgotten or out-dated. He can continue self-education which is the most worthwhile kind of education.
The book is an outgrowth of a long career in elementary, high school, and college teaching. The author is indebted to hundreds of classroom teachers who have experimented, tested, evaluated, and reported procedures in ordinary classrooms with the usual mixture of children.
Z. A. T.