enough consideration the strong Western character of the part of the South on our side of the Appalachians. Mr. Phillips passes by Kentucky, Mississippi and Tennessee rather lightly; he does not linger much in the regions we know best.
In 1865 the South lost the war. During the next decade the South lost the peace. A third defeat endured longer. For sixty years and more, at the hands of New England historians, the South lost something imponderable and precious, whose absence from the minds of men made a nearly ineradicable gap between sections: the South suffered historical defeat. It saw monstrous legends persist, not to be refuted by Southern voices, for Southern voices were laughed down under the charge of sectionalism, sentimentalism, and the bloody shirt. It saw a powerful industrial civilization arise under the aegis of a political party whose principle was the dollar, and it knew that that civilization and that party were founded on the crime of Reconstruction. It saw the United States of America become the United States of the North and West, with the Solid South as a kind of embarrassing appendage to the "real" America, while children, even in many Southern schools, developed hazy notions that the center of gravity of American history, originally and mainly in New England, shifted a little west in 1865 and thenceforth reposed in the bosom of Lincoln.
One by one these defeats have been overbalanced by