THE Umbrian school has no organic continuity. The word is a convenient geographical term to class together Central Italian movements of various origins and character.
Umbria2 stretches from Tuscany (Arezzo) and the Casentino on the north to the Abruzzi and the Roman Campagna on the south, and from east to west it extends beween the Marches and the Chiana Valley. Its art includes the schools of Gubbio, Foligno, Perugia, and some minor localities.
Also to be classed with the Umbrian schools are the Marches --a fertile region stretching between the Apennines and the Adriatic from Rimini to Ancona, including, among other cities, Urbino, S. Severino, and Fabriano, and for artistic division including Romagna and the Abruzzi. Its connections, on account of easy trade routes, were also with North Italy and Venice.
Besides these schools we have in the Early Renaissance a division formed by a group of artists closely related to Florence, called the Umbro-Florentines. There is indeed in Umbria the traditional, mediæval substratum common to all Italian styles, but the Umbrian schools are not like the Sienese and Florentine, consistent movements in an established tradition. They are more or less affected by exotic influences, and are also liable to break over established canons into a little provincial naturalism.
The questions of outside relations are not simple. They include the infiltration into the Marches during the formative periods of motives from the early Giotteschi of Rimini and the____________________
For the Mostra of early art at Macerata, see C. Ricci, Emporium, 1906; F. M. Perkins , Rass. d'A., VI, 49-56; other articles by Perkins in Rass. d'A. Important information is contained in the official cat. of works of art in the Marches and Umbria by Cavalcaselle and Morelli, pub. in Le Gallerie naz. ital., II.