A Short History of Italian Painting

By Alice Van Vechten Brown; William Rankin | Go to book overview

RENAISSANCE UMBRIA

WE have seen that during the early Umbrian period (up to about 1450) most of the interesting Umbrian movements came from the Marches. During the second period ( 1450 to about 1525) the scene shifts, and Foligno and Perugia take the lead.

The notable artists are Niccolò da Foligno, Fiorenzo di Lorenzo, Perugino, Pintorricchio, and their following. Until about 1450 there is no painting of importance in Umbria proper outside of Gubbio, and the Gubbian school practically died with Nelli. At Perugia there was nothing before the advent of Boccatis from the Marches in 1447, and even he is of only provincial interest. The local needs were supplied by Sienese and Florentine painters, as Taddeo Bartolo, in 1403, Domenico di Bartolo, in 1438, and Sano di Pietro. Fra Angelico painted an Altarpiece for S. Domenico, probably before 1418. Domenico Veneziano was in the city in 1438. Filippo Lippi appraised Bonfigli's frescoes there in 1461. What first aroused the school was the presence of these Florentine artists, who brought a Florentine influence which is constant in the Umbrian art of the second period, making the school more than a provincial offshoot of Siena, and tending to correct its narrowness and emotionalism. The especial impulse was given by Benozzo Gozzoli, who was working in the hill-town of Montefalco, beyond Assisi, in 1 4 50) and 1452.1


I

Niccolò da Foligno, c. 1430-1502.2--The same conditions existed in the school of Foligno. Gozzoli's influence is evident, and especially so in Niccolò da Foligno, whose vigorous talents

____________________
1
See Madonna and Angels, by B. Caporale, typical of Gozzoli's influence. See Riv. d'A., 1904, 38.
2
Pupil of Gozzoli ( C. & C.); of Pier Antonio Mezzastris (Vent.). On Niccolò's derivations see Perkins, Rass. d'A., June 1907, who traces the influence of the Vivarini as well.

-153-

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A Short History of Italian Painting
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface v
  • Contents vii
  • List of Illustrations xiii
  • Note on Technical Terms xvii
  • List of Abbreviations xix
  • Part I - The Mediæval Period and Proto-Renaissance 1
  • Mediæval 3
  • Proto-Renaissance 9
  • Siena to 1400 18
  • The School of Simone Martini 26
  • Forence to 1400 40
  • Early North Italy 71
  • Early Umbria 83
  • Giovanni and Antonio of Murano 97
  • Part II - The Early Renaissance in Florence and Central Italy 99
  • Masolino and Masaccio 101
  • Fra Angelico 110
  • Other Fifteenth-Century Florentines 116
  • The Umbro-Florentines 139
  • Siena from About 1400 to 1500 148
  • Renaissance Umbria 153
  • Part III - The Early Renaissance in Padua and Venice and Renaissance North Italy 165
  • Squarcione 1394-1474 167
  • Antonello Da Messina C. 1430-1479 168
  • Carlo Crivelli - 1440?-After 1493 169
  • Renaissance North Italy 198
  • Part IV - The Florentine High Renaissance and Raphael 209
  • Leonardo Da Vinci - 1452-1519 211
  • Lesser High Renaissance Painters 225
  • Michelangelo - 1475-1564 234
  • Raphael Sanzio - 1483-1520 and Followers 246
  • Part V - High Renaissance Venice 261
  • Jacopo Palma Vecchio - 1480 263
  • Giorgione 264
  • Sebastiano Del Piombo - C. 1485-1547 269
  • Tintoretto and Veronese 278
  • I Tintoretto - 1518-1592 279
  • Paolo Veronese - 1528-1588 286
  • Minor Followers of Giorgione and Titian 289
  • Part VI - North Italy in the High Renaissance 297
  • High Renaissance North Italy 299
  • Minor High Renaissance Painters of North Italy 305
  • Rome, Naples, Sicily 311
  • The Late Renaissance and Baroque 313
  • Index to Artists and Paintings Mentioned 337
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