A Short History of Italian Painting

By Alice Van Vechten Brown; William Rankin | Go to book overview

MICHELANGELO1
1475-1564

MICHELANGELO BUONARROTI was the son of Ludovico di Lionardo di Buonarrota Simoni, a substantial Florentine, whose family history can be traced back to the early 13th century. He was born in the Casentino ( March 6, 1475), while his father was for a short time Podestà there, and on the return to Florence he was left to nurse with the wife of a stone-cutter in the hamlet of Settignano on the hills above Florence. Three periods are distinguished in Michelangelo's career: 1. That of his youth ( 1475-1508), a period of the most strenuous self-discipline; 2. That of his mature manhood (from his thirty-fourth to sixtieth year); 3. That of his somewhat disillusioned old age. Cox happily characterises them as the periods of realism, of style, and of mannerism.

The child's predilection for art was at first opposed by his family, but finally, at the age of thirteen (in 1488), he was apprenticed to Ghirlandaio, who was engaged at the time on the Frescoes in the apse of S. M. Novella. Here he was treated with especial consideration, and was even allowed a small stipend, unusual for a beginner. No sounder technical training than Ghirlandaio's could be found in Florence. Though narrow, it was entirely adequate for monumental work, and its faithfulness and accomplished technique are evident even in Michelangelo's mature style. But much though Michelangelo doubtless gained from Ghirlandaio's training, he was of a different spirit, and within two years he had followed a comrade ( Francesco Granacci) into a sort of Academy held in the Medici gardens near S. Marco, where an old assistant of Donatello's--Bartoldo--was giving in-

____________________
1
The data for Michelangelo's life are found in the biographies of his friends Vasari and Condivi, supplemented by his own voluminous correspondence and by documentary records. For these, see Symonds' Life of Michelangelo and Holroyd Michel Angelo. For analysis and reproduction of drawings, and for appreciation, see B. B. Flor. Drawings.See also Cox, Old Masters and New, for æsthetic analysis, not for attributions.

-234-

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A Short History of Italian Painting
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface v
  • Contents vii
  • List of Illustrations xiii
  • Note on Technical Terms xvii
  • List of Abbreviations xix
  • Part I - The Mediæval Period and Proto-Renaissance 1
  • Mediæval 3
  • Proto-Renaissance 9
  • Siena to 1400 18
  • The School of Simone Martini 26
  • Forence to 1400 40
  • Early North Italy 71
  • Early Umbria 83
  • Giovanni and Antonio of Murano 97
  • Part II - The Early Renaissance in Florence and Central Italy 99
  • Masolino and Masaccio 101
  • Fra Angelico 110
  • Other Fifteenth-Century Florentines 116
  • The Umbro-Florentines 139
  • Siena from About 1400 to 1500 148
  • Renaissance Umbria 153
  • Part III - The Early Renaissance in Padua and Venice and Renaissance North Italy 165
  • Squarcione 1394-1474 167
  • Antonello Da Messina C. 1430-1479 168
  • Carlo Crivelli - 1440?-After 1493 169
  • Renaissance North Italy 198
  • Part IV - The Florentine High Renaissance and Raphael 209
  • Leonardo Da Vinci - 1452-1519 211
  • Lesser High Renaissance Painters 225
  • Michelangelo - 1475-1564 234
  • Raphael Sanzio - 1483-1520 and Followers 246
  • Part V - High Renaissance Venice 261
  • Jacopo Palma Vecchio - 1480 263
  • Giorgione 264
  • Sebastiano Del Piombo - C. 1485-1547 269
  • Tintoretto and Veronese 278
  • I Tintoretto - 1518-1592 279
  • Paolo Veronese - 1528-1588 286
  • Minor Followers of Giorgione and Titian 289
  • Part VI - North Italy in the High Renaissance 297
  • High Renaissance North Italy 299
  • Minor High Renaissance Painters of North Italy 305
  • Rome, Naples, Sicily 311
  • The Late Renaissance and Baroque 313
  • Index to Artists and Paintings Mentioned 337
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