A Short History of Italian Painting

By Alice Van Vechten Brown; William Rankin | Go to book overview

HIGH RENAISSANCE NORTH ITALY

CORREGGIO1
1494-1534

ONE North Italian painter, outside of Venice, belongs with the great Europeans--with Giorgione and Titian, with Velasquez and Rubens. Antonio Allegri, called Correggio, from his birthplace, was born in the town of Correggio, within short journeys of Ferrara and Bologna and Mantua. His first master may have been an uncle; nothing is further known except that he was certainly brought up in the artistic tradition of Ferrara-Bologna.2 When quite young he was sent to Mantua, where Mantegna's work gave a lasting inspiration, and where he studied the works of Costa and Dosso Dossi. He was at work in Parma (Convent of S. Paolo) in 1518, when twenty-four years old. He was in Correggio off and on from 1519-1521, and married there, but soon after settled permanently in Parma ( 1521), where his powers were given full scope in two great decorations, that of S. Giovanni Evangelista and that of the Cathedral, besides which he executed a host of smaller pictures. After the death of his wife ( 1529) he retired to Correggio, where he continued to paint until he died, at the age of forty, in 1534.

Correggio's early work (up to 1515, when he was twenty-one), of which many pictures remain, is often delightful. The influences are clearly seen of Costa and Dosso Dossi and Mantegna. The typical altarpiece of his early style is the Enthroned Madonna and SS. ( 1515, Dresden). This shows the Ferrarese element in the early design and long proportions, the encircling curves of Costa, the sculpture and canopy of the throne derived from Padua through Bianchi-Ferrari, with a

____________________
1
Gronan fine article, Th.-B. Lex., VII, authoritative. Ricci Correggio, important monograph. See also Moore Correggio, interesting. For a discriminating appreciation of Correggio, see Blashfield Correggio in Parma, in It. Cities.
2
See Ricci for Correggio's masters. Bianchi-Ferrari is reputed to be one.

-299-

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A Short History of Italian Painting
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface v
  • Contents vii
  • List of Illustrations xiii
  • Note on Technical Terms xvii
  • List of Abbreviations xix
  • Part I - The MediÆval Period and Proto-Renaissance 1
  • Mediæval 3
  • Proto-Renaissance 9
  • Siena to 1400 18
  • The School of Simone Martini 26
  • Forence to 1400 40
  • Early North Italy 71
  • Early Umbria 83
  • Giovanni and Antonio of Murano 97
  • Part II - The Early Renaissance in Florence and Central Italy 99
  • Masolino and Masaccio 101
  • Fra Angelico 110
  • Other Fifteenth-Century Florentines 116
  • The Umbro-Florentines 139
  • Siena from About 1400 to 1500 148
  • Renaissance Umbria 153
  • Part III - The Early Renaissance in Padua and Venice and Renaissance North Italy 165
  • Squarcione 1394-1474 167
  • Antonello Da Messina C. 1430-1479 168
  • Carlo Crivelli - 1440?-After 1493 169
  • Renaissance North Italy 198
  • Part IV - The Florentine High Renaissance and Raphael 209
  • Leonardo Da Vinci - 1452-1519 211
  • Lesser High Renaissance Painters 225
  • Michelangelo - 1475-1564 234
  • Raphael Sanzio - 1483-1520 and Followers 246
  • Part V - High Renaissance Venice 261
  • Jacopo Palma Vecchio - 1480 263
  • Giorgione 264
  • Sebastiano Del Piombo - C. 1485-1547 269
  • Tintoretto and Veronese 278
  • I Tintoretto - 1518-1592 279
  • Paolo Veronese - 1528-1588 286
  • Minor Followers of Giorgione and Titian 289
  • Part VI - North Italy in the High Renaissance 297
  • High Renaissance North Italy 299
  • Minor High Renaissance Painters of North Italy 305
  • Rome, Naples, Sicily 311
  • The Late Renaissance and Baroque 313
  • Index to Artists and Paintings Mentioned 337
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