HYNDMAN'S championship of nationalism--not only that of Britain but of other countries as well--had given distinctive colouring to the S.D.F.'s attitude to international affairs. A statement on foreign policy published by the S.D.F. executive of 1904 criticized undifferentiated internationalism as 'a sort of gigantic steam roller', and it pledged the Federation to 'the old Liberal tradition of the rights of the little peoples'.1 Hyndman continued to advocate the rights of subject nations, and the S.D.F. was almost unanimous on this question, with the possible exception of Bax, to whom any emphasis on nationality appeared to be contrary to internationalism and therefore anti-Socialist.
Hyndman was a champion of nationalism wherever he saw it asserting itself against foreign domination. Its development in Asia was already attracting his attention. In the Russo-Japanese war of 1904-5 he perceived a sort of Japanese risorgimento, and he watched the progress of the war with much of the positive enthusiasm of the young war correspondent with the Garibaldians. He attended the Amsterdam congress of the International which took place while the war was being fought, and he witnessed the dramatic handshake between George Plekhanov and Sen Katayama, delegates of the two belligerent nations. He rose to point out the significance of the fact that for the first time Asia____________________