The National Manpower Outlook and the Needs of the City
THE CITY GOVERNMENT'S need for well qualified professional, technical, and managerial personnel has increased sharply in recent years. Changes in economic life, shifts in the composition of population, and emergence of new social and health problems have increased the burden of providing for the health, welfare, and safety of city residents. To meet its increased responsibility, the City has both expanded old programs and developed new ones, generating a demand for large numbers of personnel with a variety of highly developed skills. As a result, the number of budgeted positions for professional, technical, and managerial employees has been growing year by year.
At the same time, the City has been losing qualified employees through resignation and retirement. Of the roughly 30,000 positions classified as professional, technical, and managerial, about one-fifth are unfilled.
The City faces further losses in the future as its many older professional employees, recruited during the 1930's, reach retirement age. High turnover in some occupations adds to the problem of recruiting sufficient numbers to meet both expansion and replacement needs.
Many explanations for the difficulty of filling budgeted positions were offered by administrators and personnel officers interviewed by Brookings staff, including inadequate pay, slow rate of promotion, poor "image" of city service, and need to meet accruals. The theme most