Report to the Thirteenth CCP National Congress [Excerpts on Political Reform]
Source: Beijing Review 30, 45 ( November 9-15, 1987): 37-43.
The deepening of the ongoing reform of the economic structure makes reform of the political structure increasingly urgent. The process of developing a socialist commodity economy should also involve the building of a socialist democracy. Without reform of the political structure, reform of the economic structure cannot succeed in the end. The Central Committee of the party believes that it is high time to put reform of the political structure on the agenda for the whole party. Comrade Deng Xiaoping speech, "On the Reform of the System of Party and State Leadership," delivered to an enlarged meeting of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee in August 1980, is a guide to reform of the political structure.
The purpose of reforming both the political and economic structures is, under the leadership of the party and the socialist system, to better develop the productive forces and to take full advantage of the superiority of socialism. In other words, we shall catch up with the developed capitalist countries economically and, politically, we shall create a democracy that is of a higher level and more effective than the democracy of those countries. We shall also try to produce more and better-trained professionals than they do. The merits of the reform should be judged on the basis of whether these objectives are attained.
China is a socialist country under the people's democratic dictatorship, and its basic political system is good. However, there are major defects in our system of leadership, in the organizational structure and in our style of work. Chief among these defects are overconcentration of power, a serious degree of bureaucratism, and feudal influences that are far from eliminated. The purpose of reforming the political