Solve the Current Problems in China Along the Track of Democracy and the Legal System
YAN JIAQI AND BAO ZUNXIN
Source: Ming pao (Enlightenment) ( Hong Kong) ( May 26, 1989): 2; FBIS, May 26, pp. 11-12.
The student movement currently happening in China has developed into a nationwide all-people protest movement. This is an epoch-making major event in modern China, and its irresistible force has greatly promoted the democratic process in China. The student movement has announced to the whole country the basic principle of democratic politics, namely, all the power of the country belongs to the people. The power of the ruling party which organizes the government and the government itself is not inherent, but comes from the people. The people have the power to overthrow the government which is not trusted by the people. The student movement has issued to the whole country the slogan "Down with Li Peng!" For a long period of time in the past, propaganda machines in our country regarded the criticism of the party and government leaders as "attacking the party and government leadership." The student movement has completely discarded such an outmoded idea, so that Li Peng and others cannot invent any excuse to prohibit people from condemning the perverse acts of the government. If a head of the government, who has been discarded by the people, refuses to resign of his own accord, people can dismiss him through the stipulations contained in the Constitution.
According to Article 57 of the Constitution, the National People's Congress (NPC) is the highest organ of state power, and it has the power to recall or remove from office the premier of the State Council. The NPC Standing Committee, as the permanent body of the NPC, has the power to abrogate the administrative decrees and regulations, decisions and orders issued by the State Council which run counter to the Constitution and the laws.
The current problem is that we must take the first step. We must hold an urgent meeting of the NPC Standing Committee to make decisions on the following two issues: (1) abrogating the "State Council's Order on Imposing Martial Law in Some Areas of the Beijing Municipality"; and (2) Holding an urgent session of the NPC in the near future.