improve our existing facilities and increase production by 20 million metric tons, we would reduce the amount of steel we need to import. Obtaining foreign loans to improve this area is also an aspect of reform and openness. The question now confronting us is not whether or not the reform and open policies are correct or whether we should continue with these policies. The question is how to carry out these policies: Where do we go and which area should we concentrate on?
We must resolutely implement the series of line, principles, and policies formulated since the third plenary session of the Eleventh CPC Central Committee. We should conscientiously sum up our experiences, persevere with what is correct, correct what is wrong, and do a bit more where we have lagged behind. In short, we should sum up the experiences of the present and look forward to the future.
Full Text of Gists of Deng Xiaoping's Speech to Members of New Politburo Standing Committee [June 16, 1989]
Source: Tung fang jih bao (Eastern daily) ( Hong Kong) ( July 15, 1989): 6; FBIS, July 18, pp. 13-15.
From now on, we must establish a leadership collective of the third generation in the history of the CPC. Before the Zunyi meeting [ 1935], there was no mature Central Committee in our party. During the periods of Chen Duxiu, Qu Qiubai, Xiang Zhongfa, Li Lisan, and Wang Ming, no capable central leadership was established. The leadership collective of our party started after the Zunyi meeting. It consisted of Mao [Zedong], Liu [Shaoqi], Zhou [Enlai], and Zhu [De]. Later, Comrade Ren Bishi was included in it. After the death of Comrade Bishi, Comrade Chen Yun joined in the leadership collective. At the Eighth CPC National Congress, a six-member Standing Committee consisting of Mao, Liu, Zhou, Zhu, Chen, and Deng was formed. Later, Lin Biao was also included in it. This leadership collective existed until the Great Cultural Revolution. During the long history before the Great Cultural Revolution, a leadership collective with Comrade Mao Zedong as its core was always maintained, whether our party committed this or that kind of mistake, or whether changes took place in our