A. JOHNSON, TAILOR
When the Johnson family set out from Raleigh they were bound for the Sequatchie Valley, some distance southwest of Greeneville, where a sister of Mrs. Johnson lived. So far as we know, therefore, the selection of Greeneville was a mere accident, the Johnsons not having a friend or an acquaintance in the place. Doubtless, when they struck Greeneville they had exhausted their patience; certainly they had exhausted their funds and could go no farther. Anyway, no better location for a tailor to start business could have been found.
In that early day much of the soil of East Tennessee was untouched by the plowshare, and the population which had drifted in from Free States as well as Slave was more cosmopolitan and better suited to Andrew Johnson's simple notions than that of the more conservative State of North Carolina. There was also another advantage, the people of East Tennessee were less than ten per cent. negro. Slavery did not count for much, nor was manual labor considered beneath one's dignity. In fact, much of the State was still occupied by Indians. In 1826 the East Tennessean owned his farm, generally less than a hundred acres, and raised enough corn, cattle and home supplies for his family's needs. Tobacco was the chief money crop, and the housewife increased the income by the sale of eggs and poultry, butter, fruit, vegetables and honey.1 Tennessee, being a grass-growing country, sheep and cattle were also raised and horses and mules bred for the market.
Two hundred dollars a year in cash, a Tennessee historian assures us, were enough to supply a mountain family with coffee, sugar and other necessaries not raised on the farm. These thrifty people would not think of going to stores and____________________