On a certain occasion it was said of Martin Luther that he was not a nice man; the obvious reply was, "No, and he did not have a nice job." So might it be said of the job of Andrew Johnson, when he set himself against southern tradition, defied southern chivalry, ridiculed caste, lauded the mechanic, and placed himself on the side of manual labor. According to accepted standards, he was not then in accord with "good form," nor engaged in a nice business. The hand of little employment hath the daintier sense. But an emergency had called for an absolute man, and in the fires of civil war the timid had had no place. As General Sherman remarked, "You cannot make an omelette without breaking eggs." Whether or not some other Southerner could have played the part of Andrew Johnson is beside the question; the fact remains that no other prominent southern official did. Out of a population of about eight or ten million he has the distinction of standing alone. And he has the greater distinction, as I have pointed out, of being Abraham Lincoln's choice for running mate in the greatest crisis of our history.
Arriving in Washington about March 1, Andrew Johnson registered at the Kirkwood House, a hotel four or five stories high, situated in the heart of the city at the corner of the Avenue and Tenth Street. The Hotel Raleigh now covers the same lot.1 His rooms consisted of a reception room and sleeping apartments and were on the second floor, in the most public part of the house.2 Washington, expecting daily to hear of the collapse of the Confederacy, was supremely happy; she had on her gala clothes. Sherman had taken Atlanta, marched____________________