Masterpieces of Latin Literature: Terence: Lucretius: Catullus: Virgil: Horace: Tibullus: Propertius: Ovid: Petronius: Martial: Juvenal: Cicero: Caesar: Livy: Tacitus: Pliny the Younger: Apuleius; with Biographical Sketches and Notes

By Gordon Jennings Laing | Go to book overview

TERENCE

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH

A NATIVE of Carthage, born about 190 B.C., Terence came at an early age to Rome, where from the lowly position of a slave in one of the patrician households he rose to distinction as one of the great representatives of Roman comedy. He belonged to the literary clique known as the Scipionic circle, of which the younger Scipio Africanus was the most conspicuous figure, and which included among others Laelius, whom Cicero afterwards made the principal interlocutor in his dialogue On Friendship, Polybius the historian, Panaetius the Stoic philosopher, Philus, and Metellus,--all of them men of broad culture and deeply imbued with a love of Greek literature.

His literary activity was confined to the production of palliatae, comedies the scenes of which were laid in Greece, and which obtained their name from the fact that the personages represented wore the Greek pallium. They were not original compositions, but were based on plays of Menander ( 342-292 B. C.), and other dramatists of the so-called New Attic Comedy, who, differing essentially in their aims from the playwrights of the Old Attic Comedy, avoided politics, and devoted themselves to the portrayal of social life. Their comedies were comedies of manners. In a majority of the plays the central interest is a love intrigue of more or less doubtful morality. The same types of character recur again and again: the tearful lover, the damsel in distress, the unscrupulous parasite,1 the intriguing slave,

____________________
1
The hanger-on, who in return for his support, assisted his patron in questionable transactions.

-1-

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Masterpieces of Latin Literature: Terence: Lucretius: Catullus: Virgil: Horace: Tibullus: Propertius: Ovid: Petronius: Martial: Juvenal: Cicero: Caesar: Livy: Tacitus: Pliny the Younger: Apuleius; with Biographical Sketches and Notes
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Contents iii
  • Introduction vii
  • Terence 1
  • Scene 2. 9
  • Scene 3. 13
  • Act III 18
  • Scene 6. 28
  • Act IV 34
  • Scene 4. 35
  • Scene 5. 41
  • Scene 6. 42
  • Act V 44
  • Scene 2. 46
  • Scene 3. 47
  • Scene 4. 49
  • Scene 6. 49
  • Lucretius 63
  • Invocation to Venus (i., 1-43.) 66
  • Atoms and Void (i., 503-550) 67
  • The Gospel According to Epicurus 71
  • The Fear of Death 76
  • Love's Extravagance 77
  • The Development of Man 78
  • Remorse 110
  • Love and Hate 124
  • At His Brother's Grave1 125
  • Cicero 127
  • To Caesar, in Gaul 162
  • To His Brother Quintus, in Gaul 164
  • To C. Trebatius Testa, in Gaul 165
  • To Atticus in Rome 166
  • Cicero and His Son to Terentia And Tullia, in Rome 167
  • To Atticus in Rome 169
  • Caesar 182
  • Virgil 198
  • Damon and Alphesiboeus 201
  • Signs of Bad Weather 210
  • After Caesar's Death 212
  • The Battle of the Bees 213
  • Horace 273
  • To Chloe 280
  • To Lydia 283
  • Simplicity 283
  • The Golden Mean 284
  • A Reconciliation 285
  • To the Spring of Bandusia 286
  • To Maecenas 287
  • Country Life 288
  • A Challenge 294
  • A Letter of Introduction 298
  • To His Book 299
  • Tibullus 302
  • A Rural Festival 303
  • Propertius 312
  • To Maecenas 313
  • A Change of View 314
  • A Roman Matron to Her Husband 318
  • Ovid 325
  • Livy 348
  • Horatius 353
  • Before the War 359
  • The Battle of Cannae (xxii., 44-49.) 362
  • The Carthaginians in Capua (xxiii., 17.) 373
  • Martial 393
  • Tacitus 399
  • Customs of the Germans 401
  • The Mutiny of the Pannonian Legions 410
  • The Great Fire at Rome 424
  • Juvenal 432
  • To Cornelius Tacitus 450
  • To Sosius Senecio 451
  • To Septicius Clarus 452
  • To Calpurnia 453
  • To Tacitus 454
  • To Sura 455
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