Structural Adjustment and African Women Farmers

By Christina H. Gladwin; Center for African Studies University of Florida | Go to book overview
in the North West (Anglophone) province and (Francophone) West province. In Wombong Down, Kom, 25 smallholders were interviewed: 14 women, 10 men, I couple. Of these, 21 were maize-deficit households--they had to buy maize--and only 5 of 25 got credit for fertilizer. Around Dschang in West province, only 11 farmers were interviewed: 7 women, 4 men. Of these, only 2 were maize-deficit households, 5 sold maize, and only 2 got credit.
3.
Farmers in Kasungu, Malawi, normally rotate tobacco (the man's cash crop) with local maize every other year. Farmers that I interviewed apply quite a bit of manure on tobacco: 20 to 50 oxcarts per acre. Given that the effects of manure and/or compost last for two or more years because they are slow-release fertilizers, this manure is also considered to be applied to local maize for the purpose of testing this model.
4.
Why has USAID singled out fertilizer subsidy removal programs instead of tying them to other structural adjustment programs? In the words of one USAID officer, "The political climate was right to push it through. But now that the government has decreased the price of coffee, we're afraid we're stuck."

REFERENCES

Bates Robert
1981 Markets and States in Tropical Africa. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Dixon Ruth
1982 "Women in Agriculture: Counting the Labor Force in Developing Countries". Population and Development Review 8( 3): 558-59.

Due Jean
1986 "Agricultural Policy in Tropical Africa: is a Turnaround Possible?" Agricultural Economics 1: 19-34.

Falcon Walter
1987 "Aid, Food-Policy Reform, and U.S. Agricultural Interests in the Third World". American Journal of Agricultural Economics 69( 5): 929-35.

Food and Agriculture Organization
1984 Land, Food, and People. Rome: United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization.

Gladwin Christina
1976 "A View of the Plan Puebla: An Application of Hierarchical Decision Models". American Journal of Agricultural Economics 58( 5): 881-87.

1979 "Cognitive Strategies and Adoption Decisions: A Case Study of Non- Adoption of an Agronomic Recommendation". Economic Development and Cultural Change 28( 1): 155-73.

1989 Ethnographic Decision Tree Modeling. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Press.

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