in the North West (Anglophone) province and (Francophone) West
province. In Wombong Down, Kom, 25 smallholders were interviewed:
14 women, 10 men, I couple. Of these, 21 were maize-deficit households--they had to buy maize--and only 5 of 25 got credit for fertilizer.
Around Dschang in West province, only 11 farmers were interviewed: 7
women, 4 men. Of these, only 2 were maize-deficit households, 5 sold
maize, and only 2 got credit.
Farmers in Kasungu, Malawi, normally rotate tobacco (the man's cash
crop) with local maize every other year. Farmers that I interviewed apply
quite a bit of manure on tobacco: 20 to 50 oxcarts per acre. Given that the
effects of manure and/or compost last for two or more years because they
are slow-release fertilizers, this manure is also considered to be applied to
local maize for the purpose of testing this model.
Why has USAID singled out fertilizer subsidy removal programs instead
of tying them to other structural adjustment programs? In the words of
one USAID officer, "The political climate was right to push it through.
But now that the government has decreased the price of coffee, we're
afraid we're stuck."
1981 Markets and States in Tropical Africa. Berkeley: University of
1982 "Women in Agriculture: Counting the Labor Force in Developing
Countries". Population and Development Review 8( 3): 558-59.
1986 "Agricultural Policy in Tropical Africa: is a Turnaround Possible?" Agricultural Economics 1: 19-34.
1987 "Aid, Food-Policy Reform, and U.S. Agricultural Interests in the
Third World". American Journal of Agricultural Economics 69( 5): 929-35.
Food and Agriculture Organization
1984 Land, Food, and People. Rome: United Nations Food and
1976 "A View of the Plan Puebla: An Application of Hierarchical Decision
Models". American Journal of Agricultural Economics 58( 5): 881-87.
1979 "Cognitive Strategies and Adoption Decisions: A Case Study of Non-
Adoption of an Agronomic Recommendation". Economic
Development and Cultural Change 28( 1): 155-73.
1989 Ethnographic Decision Tree Modeling. Newbury Park, CA: Sage