The following is a transcription of a debate on the gender implications of "the economy of affection," a term coined by Goran Hyden, University of Florida, and questioned by Pauline Peters, Harvard Institute for International Development. The two-hour debate took place on the first day of the conference and addressed this question: Is the economy of affection a useful model for addressing gender differences in Africa and for tracking structural adjustment and its impact on women farmers? The reader should note that what follows are not, strictly speaking, papers but are based on the debaters' notes and on the edited transcriptions of the taped debate, which proved lively, cordial, and informative. It may also be helpful to know that Hyden initiated the debate with 10 minutes of description of the economy of affection. Peters then followed with 30 minutes of insightful argument, which in turn was followed by 20 minutes of rebuttal and counterrebuttal.
Hyden: Other conference participants (e.g., Lele, O'Brien, Johnston) have reported that, during the 1960s and 1970s, what was being done in the name of development was based on the idea that somehow a state and market could penetrate Africa, if it didn't already penetrate Africa. The debate then was very much about the extent to which one
Goran Hyden spent about 20 years in East Africa, before coming to the political science department at the University of Florida in 1986. He taught at Makerere University in Uganda, the University of Nairobi, Kenya, and the University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Subsequently, he joined the Ford Foundation and worked there for 8 years, first as a social science research advisor and finally as its representative in East and Southern Africa.
Pauline E. Peters is an anthropologist and institute associate at Harvard Institute for International Development, and teaches in the department of anthropology, Harvard University. She has a Ph.D. from Boston University and has extensive fieldwork experience in Malawi.