Structural Adjustment and African Women Farmers

By Christina H. Gladwin; Center for African Studies University of Florida | Go to book overview

14
The Role of Home Economics Agents in Rural Development Programs in Northern Nigeria: Impacts of Structural Adjustment

Comfort B. Olayiwole

Women's participation in rural development programs has increasingly become an important focus for governments of Third World countries and international agencies. Ensuring that women are active participants in rural development not only fulfills the equality issue but also makes economic sense since women make up over 50 percent of the rural labor force. Equity and social justice are said to be some of the reasons for justifying priority on rural development. In Nigeria, the population is predominantly rural and depends on agriculture and its related actives for livelihood. Therefore any effort to develop the rural areas requires the mobilization of rural resources, human and material.

It is also generally agreed that rural development is an essential and primary part of overall economic development. Thus rural development must include not only improved agriculture and increased production, but also improvement of the standards of living of the rural households. In discussing rural people's participation in development, FAO ( 1979) observed that "the key steps towards effective participation include: encouraging organization of the rural population, decentralizing decision- making and, if necessary, reforming local government institutions and involving the beneficiaries of the development programmes."

Participation thus implies that rural women are actively involved in the decision making, planning, and execution of rural development programs beneficial to them, their households, and communities. In the northern states of Nigeria, as in the rest of Nigeria and Africa in general, women play vital roles in the survival of their households. Their contribution in raising children--the future labor force--as well as their agricultural and

Comfort Olaylwole is principal, Samaru College of Agriculture, Ahmadu Bello University. She has a Ph.D. in Home Economics from Kansas State University, where she studied on a Ford Foundation fellowship. She is the author of numerous articles on Nigerian women's roles in food production and marketing and the role of home economics in rural development.

-359-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Structural Adjustment and African Women Farmers
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 418

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.