Structural Adjustment and African Women Farmers

By Christina H. Gladwin; Center for African Studies University of Florida | Go to book overview

grams to rural women of all ethnic groups. Home economics extension agents are of the opinion that structural adjustment has helped increase women's participation in rural development. Rural women are now more actively seeking the help of home economics extension agents, unlike in past years when agents were begging women to participate in programs. The severity of life due to structural adjustment reforms and the cutting off of all food imports has thus forced women to begin thinking on their own and finding means of meeting personal needs, independent of their husbands. They are now willing to form cooperative groups for group farming and to seek loans to do so.

In consonance with the realities of Nigeria's changing society, home economics extension agents have been in the forefront promoting women's development programs. They have been involved in organizing women for income-generating activities through skills improvement programs. They have disseminated skills and appropriate technologies directed at solving some of the problems brought about by structural adjustment.

Women's groups and projects are no longer isolated ventures easily ignored by government or community members. As women increase the level of their contribution to family income, women are organizing themselves into a formidable political and social movement which is quite often outspoken on current issues and the current crisis. The main objectives of their activities are to improve the economic welfare of their families and to bring women together to share in projects that will make them strong and help them achieve self-reliance.


REFERENCES

Ajala Margaret K. 1988 The Impact of Kano River Irrigation Project on the Socio-Economic Role of Women. Master's thesis. Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.

Barkolo Jerome H. 1972 Hausa Women in Islam. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Sociology and Anthropology Association, Montreal, Canada.

Hill Polly 1969 "Hidden Trade in Hausa Land". Man 4(3):392-409.

Jackson Cecile 1978 "A Study of Rural Hausa Women: An Outline of the Methods Used and the Problems Encountered". Seminar paper, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, IAR/ABU, Zaria.

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