The Seventh Ontario Symposium on Personality and Social Psychology was held at the University of Waterloo, June 22-23, 1991. The topic of the symposium was the psychology of prejudice, and the presentations covered a wide variety of issues in this area. As has become the fortunate custom of Ontario Symposia, the papers generated many interesting discussions among participants, as well as many productive interchanges with the approximately 80 additional audience members (25 faculty and 55 graduate students) from 15 Canadian universities.
The current volume consists of the expanded and updated versions of papers presented initially at the conference. The span of time between the conference and the publication of the book is the result of the practice of giving the authors an opportunity to revise their papers based on, among other things, feedback obtained from other participants and audience members at the conference. Also, as has become customary, contributors provided comments on preliminary drafts of other participants' chapters--an undertaking for which we, as editors, are grateful.
The chapters in this volume are very loosely organized in the following sequence of topics: The determinants and consequences of stereotypes (Chapters 1 to 5); individual differences in prejudicial attitudes (Chapters 6 and 7); intergroup relations (Chapters 8 and 9); the responses of victims to prejudice and discrimination (Chapters 10 to 12); and, finally, an integrative summary/ commentary (Chapter 13). Specifically, in Chapter 1, Gardner examines various definitions of stereotypes and argues that more attention be paid to stereotypes as consensual beliefs. In Chapter 2, Snyder and Miene provide a functional analysis of stereotypes (and prejudice). In Chapter 3, Banaji and Greenwald propose (and provide evidence for) the existence of implicit or unconscious stereotyping (and