The Psychology of Prejudice

By Mark P. Zanna; James M. Olson | Go to book overview

close empirical scrutiny. Finally, it is evident that processes underlying judgments that individuals make on traits that are consensually attributed to an ethnic group may be very different from those underlying relatively idiosyncratic beliefs. More research is clearly required to better understand the nature and causes of ethnic stereotypes and stereotyping; this research should consider carefully the distinction between consensual beliefs and relatively idiosyncratic ones.


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

Preparation of this chapter was facilitated by Grant no. 410-90-0195 from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada for research on attitudes, motivation, and anxiety in second-language learning. I would like to thank Vicki Galbraith for her assistance in the preparation of this manuscript.


REFERENCES

Aboud F. E., & Taylor D. M. ( 1971). "Ethnic and role stereotypes: Their relative role in person perception". Journal of Social Psychology, 85, 17-27.

Ajzen I., & Fishbein M. ( 1977). "Attitude-behavior relations: A theoretical analysis and review of empirical research". Psychological Bulletin, 84, 889-918.

Allport G. W. ( 1954). The nature of prejudice. Cambridge, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Ashmore R. D., & Del F. K. Boca ( 1981). "Conceptual approaches to stereotypes and stereotyping". In D. L. Hamilton (Ed.). Cognitive processes in stereotyping and intergroup behavior (pp. 1-35). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Brewer M. B. ( 1979). "In-group bias in the minimal inter-group paradigm: A cognitive-motivational analysis". Psychological Bulletin, 86, 307-324.

Brigham J. C. ( 1971). "Ethnic stereotypes". Psychological Bulletin, 76, 15-38.

Bruner J. S., & Perlmutter H. V. ( 1957). "Compatriot and foreigner: A study of impression formation in three countries". Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 55, 253-260.

Centers R. ( 1951). "An effective classroom demonstration of stereotypes". Social Psychology, 34, 41-46.

Cohen C. E. ( 1983). "Inferring the characteristics of other people: Categories and attribute accessibility". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44, 34-44.

Dovidio J. F., Evans N., & Tyler R. B. ( 1986). "Racial stereotypes: The contents of their cognitive representations". Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 22, 22-37.

Eagly A. H., & Kite M. E. ( 1987). "Are stereotypes of nationalities applied to both women and men?" Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53, 451-462.

Esses V. M., Haddock G., & Zanna M. P. ( 1993). "Values, stereotypes, and emotions as determinants of inter-group attitudes". In D. M. Mackie & D. L. Hamilton (Eds.), Affect, cognition, and stereotyping: Interactive processes in group perception. New York: Academic Press.

Gaertner S. L., & McLaughlin J. P. ( 1983). "Racial stereotypes: Associations and ascriptions of positive and negative characteristics". Social Psychology Quarterly, 46, 23-30.

Gardner R. C. ( 1973). "Ethnic stereotypes: The traditional approach, a new look". The Canadian Psychologist, 14, 133-148.

Gardner R. C., Kirby D. M., & Arboleda A. ( 1973). "Ethnic stereotypes: A cross-cultural replication of their unitary dimensionality". The Journal of Social Psychology, 91, 189-195.

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