The Psychology of Prejudice

By Mark P. Zanna; James M. Olson | Go to book overview

such as symbolic beliefs (beliefs that social groups promote or hinder cherished values and norms) and feelings (specific emotional responses to social groups) ( Esses et al., 1993). These are issues for future research to address. For the present, we do know that people who are in a negative mood are especially likely to place a negative interpretation onto the characteristics they typically attribute to various groups.


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

Preparation of this chapter was facilitated by a Canada Research Fellowship from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada to Victoria M. Esses. The research on which this chapter is based was supported, in part, by a research grant from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada to Victoria M. Esses and Mark P. Zanna.

We would like to thank Robert Gardner and James Olson for their helpful comments on an earlier draft of this chapter. We would also like to thank Michael Ross for suggesting the design of the final study reported.


REFERENCES

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Berkowitz L. ( 1989). "Frustration-aggression hypothesis: Examination and reformulation". Psychological Bulletin, 106, 59-73.

Berkowitz L. ( 1990). "On the formation and regulation of anger and aggression: A cognitive neo- associationistic analysis". American Psychologist, 45, 494-503.

Berkowitz L., & Troccoli B. T. ( 1986). "An examination of the assumptions in the demand characteristics thesis: With special reference to the Velten mood induction procedure". Motivation and Emotion, 10, 337-349.

Berkowitz L., & Troccoli B. T. ( 1990). "Feelings, direction of attention, and expressed evaluations of others". Cognition and Emotion, 4, 305-325.

Blaney P. H. ( 1986). "Affect and memory: A review". Psychological Bulletin, 99, 229-246.

Boucher D. ( 1987, March 18). Street wise. The Milton Observer, p. 3.

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Bower G. H., & Mayer J. D. ( 1985). "Failure to replicate mood-dependent retrieval". Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 23, 39-42.

Bower G. H., & Mayer J. D. ( 1989). "In search of mood-dependent retrieval". Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 4, 121-156.

Brewer M. B., & Kramer R. M. ( 1985). "The psychology of intergroup attitudes and behavior". Annual Review of Psychology, 36, 219-243.

Brigham J. C. ( 1971a). "Ethnic stereotypes". Psychological Bulletin, 76, 15-38.

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