Bourhis, & Gagnon, 1990; Vaughan, Tajfel, & Williams, 1981; Wetherhell, 1982).
These considerations show that the Tajfel matrices can be adapted to suit the particularities of various groups of respondents in different types of intergroup settings. The results of the studies conducted so far show that the Tajfel matrices can provide psychologically meaningful and valid measures of intergroup behaviors. Although the Tajfel matrices are used mainly for intergroup research dealing with aspects of social identity theory ( Abrams & Hogg, 1990; Hogg & Abrams, 1988; Tajfel, 1978, 1982), there is no reason why they should not be used as a research tool to explore issues related to other aspects of intergroup relations ( Dovidio & Gaertner, 1986; Worchel & Austin, 1986). Thus, the Tajfel matrices can be adapted to examine key aspects of intergroup behavior related to: (a) equity and justice ( Greenberg & Cohen 1982; Ng, 1984), (b) relative deprivation ( Walker & Pettigrew, 1984), (c) intergroup contact ( Hewstone & Brown, 1986), (d) bargaining and negotiation ( Stephenson, 1984), and (e) realistic conflict of interest ( Blake & Mouton, 1984; Sherif, 1966).
The authors with to thank the following individuals for their comments on earlier versions of the manuscript: Rupert Brown, Léna Céline Moïse, and John Turner. Comments or suggestions concerning this manuscript would be much appreciated and should be addressed to: Richard Y. Bourhis, Département de psychologie, Université du Québec A Montréal C.P. 8888, Succ. A, Montréal, Québec, Canada, H3C 3P8.
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