our suggestion that the focus of research shift from the discriminator to the discriminated, we advocate minority input into research and policy in this area. Such advocacy is not new ( Lewin, 1946) but is still needed. If the social psychology of prejudice and discrimination is to stand for social justice, social change, and social action, then the notion of affirmative action within our own institutions should not be a point of debate (see Blanchard & Crosby, 1989) but a point of priority.
We would like to thank Richard Bourhis, Jim Olson, Regina Schuller, and Mark Zanna for their insightful comments and constructive criticism of an earlier version of this chapter. The work of Robyn Irving in the collection, transcribing, and coding of a challenging data base was invaluable. We also acknowledge the financial assistance of the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada in the form of a research grant and a Canada Research Fellowship to the first author.
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