in Classical Antiquity, published in 1965 in Sweden (which I read when my corresponding chapters were well advanced, but which enabled me to fill several minor gaps), deals at great length with, and provides an immense bibliography for, the period down to the end of the fourth century B.C. I am naturally also indebted to the two volumes of P. Ollier Le Mirage Spartiate, a first attempt to collect the ancient material on the subject.
It remains for me to add that I have not thought it necessary to provide translations of the passages in other languages. Greek is confined to the footnotes, while such other quotations, apart from those in French, as remain in the text, are almost all illustrative of rather than integral to the argument.
The book was conceived and partly written while I was a Leverhulme Research Fellow at New Hall, Cambridge. I am grateful to various friends and acquaintances, among whom I should like to mention the late Felix Raab, for the interest they have taken in my work; in addition, Michael Crawford helped me over the selection of coins for Plate 1; R. F. Tannenbaum read the typescript and gave me useful advice in preparing it for the press; and it has owed more, at every stage, to one who in no way resembles a Spartan Mother, save in her dislike of unnecessary verbiage.
New Hall April 1969
Illustrations: I am indebted to the following for courteous assistance and permission to reproduce: the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge (Plate 1); the British Museum (Plates 2, 3, and 6); the Royal Academy of Arts, and the National Trust, Stourhead (Plate 4); and in particular, Monsieur Laclotte, Director of the Département de Peinture, Musée du Louvre, and Giraudon, Paris (Plate 5).