Crises in the Balkans: Views from the Participants

By Kostas G. Messas; Constantine P. Danopoulos | Go to book overview

1
Ethnonationalism, Security, and Conflict in the Balkans

Constantine P. Danopoulosand Kostas G. Messas

The end of the Cold War and the concomitant wave of democratization brought to the surface a plethora of dormant economic, social, and political problems in the former Soviet Union, Eastern Europe, and the Balkan peninsula. With the possible exception of the former USSR, no area was affected more profoundly by these developments than the Balkans (Turkish for wooded mountains). The violent breakup of Yugoslavia and the bloody civil war in Bosnia stand as visible reminders that the peninsula lost little of its penchant for violence. Although the Yugoslav situation was and remains the eye of the storm, Yugoslavia was not alone. The same changes, and more importantly the fallout from Yugoslavia's dismemberment, directly or implicitly, affected relations between all the states in the Balkan region and those in the periphery. Concern that the multifaceted conflict in the peninsula might spread, inevitably drew in the United States, Russia, Germany and other members of the European Union (EU), as well as NATO and the United Nations (UN).

Dividing the Yugoslav federation, establishing national borders, dealing with refugees, and settling a host of other war related matters topped, and continue to top, the agenda of Yugoslav successor states. While some of these entities took to the battlefield to deal with their differences, other hot issues emerged involving nearly all the states in the area. Tensions in Albanian-Greek relations over minority issues, Greece's refusal to recognize the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) under the name "Macedonia," Hungary's concern over the fate of the Hungarian minority in rump Yugoslavia, Slovakia, and Romania, and the plight of ethnic Albanians in Kosovo and

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Crises in the Balkans: Views from the Participants
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Foreword vii
  • Preface and Acknowledgments ix
  • 1: Ethnonationalism, Security, and Conflict in the Balkans 1
  • Notes 17
  • 2: Of Shatter Belts and Powder Kegs: A Brief Survey of Yugoslav History 19
  • Notes 41
  • 3: Defeating "Greater Serbia," Building Greater Milosevic 47
  • Notes 70
  • 4: Franjo Tudjman's Croatia and the Balkans 75
  • Notes 89
  • 5: Bosnian Muslim Views of National Security 93
  • Notes 110
  • 6: Montenegro: Beyond the Myth 113
  • Notes 131
  • 7: The Balkan Crisis and the Republic of Macedonia 135
  • Notes 150
  • 8: Greece's Policies in the Post-Cold War Balkans 153
  • Conclusions 165
  • 9: Albanian Nationalism and Prospects for Greater Albania 169
  • Notes 190
  • 10: Bulgaria and the Balkans 195
  • Notes 208
  • 11: Turkey and the Balkans: Searching for Stability1 211
  • Conclusion 220
  • Notes 221
  • 12: Romania and the Balkan Imbroglio 225
  • Notes 237
  • 13: Troubles in the Balkans: The View from Hungary 241
  • Notes 255
  • 14: Moscow and the Yugoslav Secession Crisis 257
  • Notes 271
  • 15: US Policy in the Balkans: From Containment to Strategic Reengagement 275
  • Notes 292
  • 16: France, Germany, and the Yugoslavian Wars 297
  • Notes 309
  • 17: Failure in Former Yugoslavia: Hard Lessons for the European Union 311
  • Notes 324
  • 18: NATO and the Bosnian Quagmire: Reluctant Peacemaker 331
  • Notes 347
  • 19: The United Nations and the Conflict in Former Yugoslavia 351
  • Conclusion 367
  • Notes 368
  • About the Editors and Contributors 371
  • Index 381
  • About the Book 390
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