Crises in the Balkans: Views from the Participants

By Kostas G. Messas; Constantine P. Danopoulos | Go to book overview

7
The Balkan Crisis and the Republic of Macedonia

Vasil Tupurkovski

In one way or another, the disintegration of the Yugoslav federation caught most of its component republics largely unprepared for what was to follow, none more so than the Socialist Republic of Macedonia (SRM). When the republic became an independent state in 1991, it faced the predicament shared by all the republics comprising former Yugoslavia, which, in turn, shared in the overall fate of Eastern Europe. The post World War II configuration which brought together the former Eastern European countries into a bloc failed to prepare them for what might have seemed unthinkable, namely the breakup of the Soviet Union, the Warsaw Pact, and Yugoslavia. With the old institutions and practices no longer in place, Yugoslav successor states were challenged to deal with the impact of forces believed to have been eliminated, among them excessive nationalism.

Unlike other Yugoslav successor states, the entity that emerged in the space occupied by SRM faced additional difficulties. With no prior history of statehood and with neighbors ( Greece, rump Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, and Albania) questioning its very essence or reason to exist as an independent nation state under the desired name of Republic of Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav 1Republic of Macedonia (FYROM), as the new country is temporarily but officially known, is striving to cope with a myriad of economic, ethnic, social, as well as foreign policy problems and to find a place in the whirlwind of Balkan politics.

In order to understand the Republic of Macedonia's predicament and the domestic as well as foreign and security problems the new state faces, we will

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Crises in the Balkans: Views from the Participants
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Foreword vii
  • Preface and Acknowledgments ix
  • 1: Ethnonationalism, Security, and Conflict in the Balkans 1
  • Notes 17
  • 2: Of Shatter Belts and Powder Kegs: A Brief Survey of Yugoslav History 19
  • Notes 41
  • 3: Defeating "Greater Serbia," Building Greater Milosevic 47
  • Notes 70
  • 4: Franjo Tudjman's Croatia and the Balkans 75
  • Notes 89
  • 5: Bosnian Muslim Views of National Security 93
  • Notes 110
  • 6: Montenegro: Beyond the Myth 113
  • Notes 131
  • 7: The Balkan Crisis and the Republic of Macedonia 135
  • Notes 150
  • 8: Greece's Policies in the Post-Cold War Balkans 153
  • Conclusions 165
  • 9: Albanian Nationalism and Prospects for Greater Albania 169
  • Notes 190
  • 10: Bulgaria and the Balkans 195
  • Notes 208
  • 11: Turkey and the Balkans: Searching for Stability1 211
  • Conclusion 220
  • Notes 221
  • 12: Romania and the Balkan Imbroglio 225
  • Notes 237
  • 13: Troubles in the Balkans: The View from Hungary 241
  • Notes 255
  • 14: Moscow and the Yugoslav Secession Crisis 257
  • Notes 271
  • 15: US Policy in the Balkans: From Containment to Strategic Reengagement 275
  • Notes 292
  • 16: France, Germany, and the Yugoslavian Wars 297
  • Notes 309
  • 17: Failure in Former Yugoslavia: Hard Lessons for the European Union 311
  • Notes 324
  • 18: NATO and the Bosnian Quagmire: Reluctant Peacemaker 331
  • Notes 347
  • 19: The United Nations and the Conflict in Former Yugoslavia 351
  • Conclusion 367
  • Notes 368
  • About the Editors and Contributors 371
  • Index 381
  • About the Book 390
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