all of its neighbors, by adopting a foreign policy not of equal distance toward
them but one of mutually beneficial cooperation with all of them. Macedonia
must not seek to exploit existing differences among the Balkan states, nor must
it seek to improve its international position to the expense of its neighbors.
Stability in Macedonia, if achieved on the basis of an "open door" policy
toward it neighbors, will be by far the best guarantee of its sovereignty and
independence. At the same time, the remaining Balkan countries ought to be
encouraged to practice an "open door" policy toward Macedonia through a
process of regional cooperation, undertaken in the spirit of further European
integration. In this regard, the existing European framework of security,
cooperation and integration could be extremely helpful. Although democracy
may be slow in coming in Macedonia, it is very encouraging that the country is
closer to it than it has ever been before.
Numerous other studies have discussed developments in the Balkans either
within the East-West context or within the context of contemporary trends in the region,
both relatively safe approaches. Although these studies have produced important
generalizations, they have also resulted in serious oversimplifications, a predicament that
could, in part, be avoided by studies combining both approaches. For an example of the
first, see Susan L. Woodward, Balkan Tragedy: Chaos and Dissolution After the Cold
War ( Washington, D. C.: The Brookings Institution, 1995); for the second, see Sabrina Petra Ramet
, Balkan Babel: The Disintegration of Yugoslavia from the Death of Tito to
Ethnic War, 2nd ed. ( Boulder: Westview Press, 1996).
Hugh Poulton, Who Are The Macedonians? ( Bloomington: Indiana University
Press, 1995). p. 4.
Loring M. Danforth, The Macedonian Conflict: Ethnic Nationalism in a
Transnational World ( Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1995).
This observation was made by R.V. Burks in his forward to
Duncan M. Perry's
book, The Politics of Terror. The Macedonian Revolutionary Movement, 1893-1903
( Durham: Duke University Press, 1988), p. ix.
Elizabeth Barker, Macedonia: Its Place in Balkan Politics ( London: Royal
Institute of International Affairs, 1950), p.17.
For an interesting study concerning Macedonia's Gypsies, see Zoltan Barany, "The Roma in Macedonia: ethnic politics and the marginal condition in a Balkan state," Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol. 18:3 ( July 1995). For a discussion of ethnic problems in
the Macedonian military see Biljana Vankovska-Cvetkovska, "The Trial of Democracy in
Macedonia: Ethnic Problems and the Military," Balkan Forum, Vol. 4:3 ( September 1996), pp. 81-105.