Greece is the most economically developed country of the Balkans and can play a constructive role in the economic development of the region. A number of Greek businesses have already set up plants in Albania, Bulgaria and Romania, and trade relations with these countries have expanded considerably in the last five to six years.
Athens' dispute with FYROM has taken center stage in foreign policy considerations. The "Macedonian question" has struck a sensitive chord among the Greek public. Lacking clear electoral mandates or strong public support, Greek governments have calculated that the benefits of proposed agreements, such as the "Pinheiro package" do not outweigh the costs of no agreement. To reverse this calculus and achieve an honorable compromise, the governments of Greece and FYROM must cease monopolizing the name "Macedonia" and must generate effective win sets at home for ratification of the negotiated settlement. Even though Athens ended the economic embargo in September 1995 and the two countries established diplomatic relations, the thorny issue of the name has yet to be resolved.