Crises in the Balkans: Views from the Participants

By Constantine P. Danopoulos; Kostas G. Messas | Go to book overview

9
Albanian Nationalism and Prospects for Greater Albania

Constantine P. Danopoulos and Adem Chopani

The demise of Albania's Stalinist regime in the early 1990s, combined with the bloody dismemberment of Yugoslavia and the Balkan crisis that followed, bequeathed the new and democratically elected authorities in Tirana with a plethora of serious economic, social, political, and psychological problems, but also opportunities. Following almost four decades of hermetic isolation imposed by Enver Hoxha and his Albanian Party of Labor (APL) and virulent anti Americanism, Albania rejoined the world and forged a close relationship with the United States and NATO. Tirana emerged as Washington's closest ally in the Balkans and hoped to become one of the first former communist countries to join the Atlantic Alliance. Until the recent and ongoing social unrest, following the collapse in early 1997 of the failed pyramid investment schemes, Albania resembled a blind man who managed to regain his vision; suddenly, the world seems more complex than imagined, ripe with opportunities but full of obligations and responsibilities.

As far as Albania is concerned, two key issues hold center stage in the Balkan context: the future of ethnic Albanians living outside the country's borders, and relations with Greece regarding the status and future of the Greek minority in southern Albania. Both issues have deep historical roots. Centuries of foreign occupation, competition from neighbouring Balkan states for land, parochial attitudes, and weaknesses within the ranks of Albania's nationalist movement all help to account for the fact that about half of those who consider themselves ethnic Albanians live outside the borders of the Albanian state, mainly in Kosovo and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM).

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Crises in the Balkans: Views from the Participants
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Foreword vii
  • Preface and Acknowledgments ix
  • 1: Ethnonationalism, Security, and Conflict in the Balkans 1
  • Notes 17
  • 2: Of Shatter Belts and Powder Kegs: A Brief Survey of Yugoslav History 19
  • Notes 41
  • 3: Defeating "Greater Serbia," Building Greater Milosevic 47
  • Notes 70
  • 4: Franjo Tudjman's Croatia and the Balkans 75
  • Notes 89
  • 5: Bosnian Muslim Views of National Security 93
  • Notes 110
  • 6: Montenegro: Beyond the Myth 113
  • Notes 131
  • 7: The Balkan Crisis and the Republic of Macedonia 135
  • Notes 150
  • 8: Greece's Policies in the Post-Cold War Balkans 153
  • Conclusions 165
  • 9: Albanian Nationalism and Prospects for Greater Albania 169
  • Notes 190
  • 10: Bulgaria and the Balkans 195
  • Notes 208
  • 11: Turkey and the Balkans: Searching for Stability1 211
  • Conclusion 220
  • Notes 221
  • 12: Romania and the Balkan Imbroglio 225
  • Notes 237
  • 13: Troubles in the Balkans: The View from Hungary 241
  • Notes 255
  • 14: Moscow and the Yugoslav Secession Crisis 257
  • Notes 271
  • 15: US Policy in the Balkans: From Containment to Strategic Reengagement 275
  • Notes 292
  • 16: France, Germany, and the Yugoslavian Wars 297
  • Notes 309
  • 17: Failure in Former Yugoslavia: Hard Lessons for the European Union 311
  • Notes 324
  • 18: NATO and the Bosnian Quagmire: Reluctant Peacemaker 331
  • Notes 347
  • 19: The United Nations and the Conflict in Former Yugoslavia 351
  • Conclusion 367
  • Notes 368
  • About the Editors and Contributors 371
  • Index 381
  • About the Book 390
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