Bulgaria and the Balkans
Is war impossible?
Is it unlikely?
Is it futile?
Have questions of profit and loss, economic considerations, anything
whatever to do with this war?
Would the demonstration of its economic futility have kept the peace?
Are theories and logic of the slightest use, since force alone can determine
Is not war therefore inevitable, and must we not prepare diligently for it?
--Norman Angell 1
The recent war in former Yugoslavia motivates us to probe into the causes and consequences of the war itself and the likelihood that it will widen into a broader Balkan conflict, all in an attempt to determine whether the war could have been avoided in the first place and how to prevent other states from inevitably being drawn in.
Given the history of the Balkans, one might not be surprised to find the area in the throes of war. In this century alone, the states of the Balkan peninsula carried out the first and second Balkan Wars (1912-1913); the recent war in former Yugoslavia is often called the third. Balkan states have struggled over territorial rights to Macedonia as well as to other regions; and they have invaded and occupied one another. As if these were not enough, World War I also began in the Balkans. Nonetheless, a review of the military history of the region is not enough to understand the complexities of the conflict in former Yugoslavia,