Bulgaria is the country worst hit by the Yugosanctions and while it faces a lot of hardships in its transition towards a market economy it has received no compensation for its strict observance of the sanctions." 23 President Zhelev, too, pointed out the dangers of marginalization. When asked about Bulgaria's potential inclusion in NATO, Zhelev said
that it would be very sad [if] Bulgaria is left at the tail end. 'We are situated in the explosion prone region of the Balkans. Any day Bulgaria may find itself under the threat of war, despite its moderate and balanced policy and despite the guarantees it has given that it would not interfere in this conflict. For us the question of guarantees is not the latest fashion but a matter of vital importance. 24
Thus, the worst outcome of the Balkan crisis for Bulgaria is international inaction and inattention.