Crises in the Balkans: Views from the Participants

By Constantine P. Danopoulos; Kostas G. Messas | Go to book overview

11
Turkey and the Balkans: Searching for Stability 1

Constantine P. Danopoulos

The rapid changes that followed the collapse of communism and the disintegration of the former Soviet Union presented Turkey with political and economic challenges. Ankara is seriously concerned with how best to operate in a region that is much less stable and less predictable in terms of policy, and how best to deal with the various sites of concern, including the Caucasus, Central Asia, the Middle East, Russia and the Balkans. This chapter explores Turkey's efforts to deal with the Balkans.

For reasons to be identified and analyzed below, Turkish policy makers wish to maintain a favorable place in the Balkan strategic balance. To that end, the authorities in Ankara have dealt and continue to deal with developments in former Yugoslavia in a manner that will enhance their country's strategic goals in the region.

In Ankara's assessment, the way(s) in which the West handled developments in Bosnia-Herzegovina prolonged the civil war in that former Yugoslav republic and, in turn, threatened to jeopardize Turkey's interests in the Balkans. Peace in the Balkans is fragile because NATO, the European Union (EU), and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) failed, until recently, to restrain Serb efforts from building a Greater Serbia at Bosnia's expense; ignored the cost in Bosnian lives; overlooked Serbian practices of cruelty, committed in the pursuit of revisionist expansionism; and attempted to change the area's map in a manner that ignores some of the aspirations of Bosnia's Muslims. Unless these practices are reversed, Turkey feels that comprehensive conflict scenarios involving many, perhaps all, Balkan states will

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Crises in the Balkans: Views from the Participants
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Foreword vii
  • Preface and Acknowledgments ix
  • 1: Ethnonationalism, Security, and Conflict in the Balkans 1
  • Notes 17
  • 2: Of Shatter Belts and Powder Kegs: A Brief Survey of Yugoslav History 19
  • Notes 41
  • 3: Defeating "Greater Serbia," Building Greater Milosevic 47
  • Notes 70
  • 4: Franjo Tudjman's Croatia and the Balkans 75
  • Notes 89
  • 5: Bosnian Muslim Views of National Security 93
  • Notes 110
  • 6: Montenegro: Beyond the Myth 113
  • Notes 131
  • 7: The Balkan Crisis and the Republic of Macedonia 135
  • Notes 150
  • 8: Greece's Policies in the Post-Cold War Balkans 153
  • Conclusions 165
  • 9: Albanian Nationalism and Prospects for Greater Albania 169
  • Notes 190
  • 10: Bulgaria and the Balkans 195
  • Notes 208
  • 11: Turkey and the Balkans: Searching for Stability1 211
  • Conclusion 220
  • Notes 221
  • 12: Romania and the Balkan Imbroglio 225
  • Notes 237
  • 13: Troubles in the Balkans: The View from Hungary 241
  • Notes 255
  • 14: Moscow and the Yugoslav Secession Crisis 257
  • Notes 271
  • 15: US Policy in the Balkans: From Containment to Strategic Reengagement 275
  • Notes 292
  • 16: France, Germany, and the Yugoslavian Wars 297
  • Notes 309
  • 17: Failure in Former Yugoslavia: Hard Lessons for the European Union 311
  • Notes 324
  • 18: NATO and the Bosnian Quagmire: Reluctant Peacemaker 331
  • Notes 347
  • 19: The United Nations and the Conflict in Former Yugoslavia 351
  • Conclusion 367
  • Notes 368
  • About the Editors and Contributors 371
  • Index 381
  • About the Book 390
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