to engage in revisionist foreign policies and seek advantages over their neighbors.
This may be easier said than done, as the preceding discussion demonstrates. The rivalries of the civil war in Bosnia generated broader antagonisms in the region as Balkan states gravitated toward different sides of the Bosnian conflict. Objective historical criteria, such as shared religion, compelled Turkey and Albania to side with Bosnia's Muslims and Greece with Bosnia's Serbs. The Bosnian war became also a war between Muslim and Orthodox sympathizers, with each side competing for a superior position in the Balkan peninsula. The conflict helped generate a fundamentalist revival in Turkey which called for a more direct role in the Bosnian crisis and, in turn, contributed to the electoral success of the Islamist Welfare Party.
The uneasy balance in the Balkans was threatened further by Islamic (mainly Iranian) and Orthodox (mainly Russian) support from outside the region, making the Bosnian crisis into an international one. The war divided Muslims from nonMuslims, especially since the West was perceived to be doing very little to halt the fighting and help Bosnia's Muslims defend themselves against the Serbs. The local, regional and international dimensions of the Bosnian crisis raise questions as to whether a satisfactory strategic balance can emerge in the Balkans.
Muslim support from around the world, mostly through clandestine operations, made it possible for the Bosnian army to acquire arms, funds, training and even foreign fighters. Turkey helped facilitate the process. The Bosnian army may now in a position to not only take on the Serbs, if war were to resume, but also to unify Bosnia, if the Dayton peace accord failed to do so. Unifying Bosnia, either through diplomatic or military means, is something the present Bosnian Muslim leadership, led by President Alija Izetbekovic, has always desired.
The continued presence of foreign fighters in Bosnia, despite specific demands by the Dayton peace accord that they leave, and the large stockpile of weapons, create strains among Muslims and non-Muslims in Europe. Europe's Muslims, ostensibly more moderate in their habits and conventions, fear the extremist side of Islam. Europe's non-Muslims are uneasy about the possibility of an Islamic state emerging in their midst.