Crises in the Balkans: Views from the Participants

By Constantine P. Danopoulos; Kostas G. Messas | Go to book overview

The nation state should preferably be coterminous with the people who inhabit it. However, without genuine democracy and prospects for a decent economic standard of living, along with a keener sense of differentiation between the regions of the Balkans, national unity everywhere remains but a meretricious program. The conclusion drawn from the Hungarian vantage point looks almost unequivocal: underlying political differences are not going to be "solved" by simply tilting the balance of forces. Rather they need to be corrected piecemeal over years -- as accommodations specific to each region within the Balkans are designed and applied.


Notes
1.
Ivo Banac, The National Question in Yugoslavia ( Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1984), pp. 38, 50, 70, 75.
2.
In a nutshell, conquest gets explained as union; language (apparently immutable) forms the soul of nations; a mystic obsession with the sacred soil (one and indivisible) occupies a place of honor; cultural diversity is looked upon as obstacle to the dominant ethnic group's drive for homogeneity; some variant of "we are alone" prevents realistic reappraisal of current and past policies. Finally, the adage that "occupation should determine claims to lands" still evidently guides strategic thinking.
3.
Michael Lind, "In Defense of Liberal Nationalism," Foreign Affairs, 73, 3 ( May/June 1994): 87-99.
4.
Gidon Gottlieb, "Nations Without States," Foreign Affairs, 73, 3 ( May/June 1994): 100-112.
5.
Hungary is currently involved in two sets of agreements; a series of "frame agreements" with the Council of Europe regarding minorities, and a NATO-stipulated "ground agreement" which was designed to settle -- by diplomatic means -- outstanding issues among Partnership for Peace members.
6.
The Council of Europe does not encourage dual citizenship since its 1963 Convention.
7.
Népszabadság, October, 12, 1994, p. 3. On February 1, 1994 Hungary's association treaty with the European Union entered into force that envisages the country's integration into the EU at around the year 2000.
8.
Nipszabadsdg, October 7, 1991.
9.
Joseph C. Kun, Hungarian Foreign Policy: The Experience of a New Democracy ( Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 1993), pp. 107-8, 136 and 156.
10.
Népszabadság, October 28, 1991.
11.
Népszabadság, March 28, 1994.
12.
Népszabadság, January 20, 1995, p. 11.
13.
Népszabadság, March 9, 1994.
14.
Washington Post, Feb. 6 and 15, 1994.

-255-

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Crises in the Balkans: Views from the Participants
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Foreword vii
  • Preface and Acknowledgments ix
  • 1: Ethnonationalism, Security, and Conflict in the Balkans 1
  • Notes 17
  • 2: Of Shatter Belts and Powder Kegs: A Brief Survey of Yugoslav History 19
  • Notes 41
  • 3: Defeating "Greater Serbia," Building Greater Milosevic 47
  • Notes 70
  • 4: Franjo Tudjman's Croatia and the Balkans 75
  • Notes 89
  • 5: Bosnian Muslim Views of National Security 93
  • Notes 110
  • 6: Montenegro: Beyond the Myth 113
  • Notes 131
  • 7: The Balkan Crisis and the Republic of Macedonia 135
  • Notes 150
  • 8: Greece's Policies in the Post-Cold War Balkans 153
  • Conclusions 165
  • 9: Albanian Nationalism and Prospects for Greater Albania 169
  • Notes 190
  • 10: Bulgaria and the Balkans 195
  • Notes 208
  • 11: Turkey and the Balkans: Searching for Stability1 211
  • Conclusion 220
  • Notes 221
  • 12: Romania and the Balkan Imbroglio 225
  • Notes 237
  • 13: Troubles in the Balkans: The View from Hungary 241
  • Notes 255
  • 14: Moscow and the Yugoslav Secession Crisis 257
  • Notes 271
  • 15: US Policy in the Balkans: From Containment to Strategic Reengagement 275
  • Notes 292
  • 16: France, Germany, and the Yugoslavian Wars 297
  • Notes 309
  • 17: Failure in Former Yugoslavia: Hard Lessons for the European Union 311
  • Notes 324
  • 18: NATO and the Bosnian Quagmire: Reluctant Peacemaker 331
  • Notes 347
  • 19: The United Nations and the Conflict in Former Yugoslavia 351
  • Conclusion 367
  • Notes 368
  • About the Editors and Contributors 371
  • Index 381
  • About the Book 390
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