Crises in the Balkans: Views from the Participants

By Kostas G. Messas; Constantine P. Danopoulos | Go to book overview

Russia's desire to maintain its status as a "great power," the ealities may dictate retrenchment from the foreign arena, at least for the next several years.

Finally, it is not out of the question that the conflict in the former Yugoslavia could precipitate the onset of a new East-West standoff. The appeals of Russia's anti Western imperialist and nationalist forces will gain greater acceptance if economic conditions continue to worsen. Russian President Boris Yeltsin has suffered a tremendous blow to his credibility as a result of his handling of the conflict in Chechnya. He took vehement criticism from prominent figures associated with the democratic camp. In the wake of the Chechen operation, it has become evident that Yeltsin is increasingly relying upon his hardline Security Council. Estimates indicate that the cost of the war will further deplete limited government resources and aggravate an already desperate economic situation.

Russia may be inching closer to a return to authoritarian rule. Nationalist sentiment could rise even more and Russia may begin to display an increasingly anti Western policy. Russia itself may become consumed in Christian versus Muslim disputes, strengthening sympathy with the Serbs. If the hardline manages to capture control, the war in the former Yugoslavia could be exploited as a means to divert the attention of the population from internal problems. The West may be targeted with responsibility for all of Russia's present difficulties and concomitantly, unjust treatment of the Serbs. In Huntington's terms, and perhaps consistent with Dostoevsky's prediction, the war ravaging the former Yugoslavia could represent the beginning of a new era of Orthodox versus Muslim or Orthodox versus Western clash of civilizations.


Sharyl Cross would like to acknowledge that research for this article was supported by a grant offered to her from the International Research and Exchanges Board, with funds provided by the US Department of State (Title VIII) and National Endowment for the Humanities. None of these organizations is responsible for the views expressed.

For analysis of various aspects of Russian policy toward the conflict in the former Yugoslavia see Allen Lynch and Reneo Lukic, "Russian Foreign Policy and the Wars in the Former Yugoslavia," Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty Report, October 15, 1993, F. Stephen Larrabee, "Rossiia vnov na Balkanakh?," Mirovaya economika i mezhdunardonye otnosheniya, # 10, 1994, Robin Alison Remington, "Balkan Triangle: Washington, Moscow and Belgrade," in Sharyl Cross and Marina A.Oborotova


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Crises in the Balkans: Views from the Participants
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Foreword vii
  • Preface and Acknowledgments ix
  • 1: Ethnonationalism, Security, and Conflict in the Balkans 1
  • Notes 17
  • 2: Of Shatter Belts and Powder Kegs: A Brief Survey of Yugoslav History 19
  • Notes 41
  • 3: Defeating "Greater Serbia," Building Greater Milosevic 47
  • Notes 70
  • 4: Franjo Tudjman's Croatia and the Balkans 75
  • Notes 89
  • 5: Bosnian Muslim Views of National Security 93
  • Notes 110
  • 6: Montenegro: Beyond the Myth 113
  • Notes 131
  • 7: The Balkan Crisis and the Republic of Macedonia 135
  • Notes 150
  • 8: Greece's Policies in the Post-Cold War Balkans 153
  • Conclusions 165
  • 9: Albanian Nationalism and Prospects for Greater Albania 169
  • Notes 190
  • 10: Bulgaria and the Balkans 195
  • Notes 208
  • 11: Turkey and the Balkans: Searching for Stability1 211
  • Conclusion 220
  • Notes 221
  • 12: Romania and the Balkan Imbroglio 225
  • Notes 237
  • 13: Troubles in the Balkans: The View from Hungary 241
  • Notes 255
  • 14: Moscow and the Yugoslav Secession Crisis 257
  • Notes 271
  • 15: US Policy in the Balkans: From Containment to Strategic Reengagement 275
  • Notes 292
  • 16: France, Germany, and the Yugoslavian Wars 297
  • Notes 309
  • 17: Failure in Former Yugoslavia: Hard Lessons for the European Union 311
  • Notes 324
  • 18: NATO and the Bosnian Quagmire: Reluctant Peacemaker 331
  • Notes 347
  • 19: The United Nations and the Conflict in Former Yugoslavia 351
  • Conclusion 367
  • Notes 368
  • About the Editors and Contributors 371
  • Index 381
  • About the Book 390


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