EU member). These agreements should include provisions for ensuring the respect for human rights and the creation of stable democratic systems as well as far-reaching trade provisions aimed at creating a Balkan free trade area. This would provide a framework for developing relations with the entire Balkan peninsula south of Slovenia. Otherwise, the various countries of the region will seek to carve out separate paths to Brussels, undermining efforts at regional cooperation.
Finally, Washington and its European allies will need to give more attention to two issues that were left out of the Dayton Accord -- Kosovo and Macedonia. Without a resolution of these two problems there can be no lasting stability in the Balkans. Indeed, the two problems are closely linked. A continued aggravation of tensions in Kosovo could have serious implications for stability in Macedonia and exacerbate tensions between the Albanian minority in Macedonia -- which constitutes about 30 percent of the country's population -- and the Macedonian government. Hence, a resolution of the Kosovo issue is a critical prerequisite for overall stability in the Southern Balkans and the Balkans as a whole.