union. It sacrificed its Yugoslav policy to maintain the appearance, if not the
reality (which did not exist), of Franco-German harmony, and apparently in vain.
The EU's hoped for result, in the form of a genuine common foreign and
security policy, did not emerge from Maastricht. Instead, the failure of Paris and Bonn to deal candidly with the issues that divided them disillusioned those
nations that most needed the success of postwar western Europe, and especially
of Franco-German cooperation, in order to face their own difficult futures.
Since then, the only apparent answer to the question of who speaks for Europe, is: no one, certainly neither Paris nor Bonn. More disturbing still, the
voice seems not to be missed.
The authors wish to thank Cornelia Danier, librarian at the American Institute for
Contemporary German Studies, Washington, D.C., for her invaluable research
assistance in preparing this chapter.
Marie-Janine Calic, "Jugoslawienpolitik am Wendepunkt," Aus Politik und
Zeitgeschichte, B37/93, September 10, 1993, p. 14.
For consistency, " European Union (EU)," rather than "European Community
(EC)," is used throughout this chapter, although the former term did not replace the
latter until after signature of the Maastricht Treaty.
For a discussion of Mitteleuropa-as-model, see
Edwina S. Campbell, Germany's Past and Europe's Future: The Challenges of West German Foreign Policy
( Washington, D.C.: Pergamon-Brassey's, 1989).
Timothy Garton Ash, "Does Central Europe Exist?" New York Review of
Books, October 9, 1986, pp. 45-52.
One of the more influential books in this regard was
Karl Schloegel, Die
Mitte liegi ostwaerts: Die Deutschen, der verlorene Osten und Mitteleuropa ( Berlin: Corso bei Siedler, 1986).
Heinz-Juergen Axt, "Hat Genscher Jugoslawien entzweit? Mythen und Fakten
zur Aussenpolitik des vereinten Deutschlands," Europa-Archiv, no. 12, 1993, p. 354.
Octavio Paz, One Earth, Four or Five Worlds: Reflections on Contemporary
History ( San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1985), p. 17.
Marie-Janine Calic, "The Serbian Question in International Politics." Aussenpolitik, vol. 45, No. 2, 1994, p. 148.
Hans-Peter Schwarz, Die gezaehmten Deutschen: Von der Machtbesessenheit
zur Machtvergessenheit ( Stuttgart: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, 1985), p. 84.