Aging and skilled performance: Advances in Theory and Applications

By Wendy A. Rogers; Arthur D. Fisk et al. | Go to book overview

for a complete understanding of general retention ( Annett, 1979; Fisk & Kirlik, this volume). We may learn which variables are important, and perhaps some general principles about age-related differences in skill retention will emerge. However, parallel efforts conducted outside the laboratory will be necessary to test the generality of these principles for real-world tasks.


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The author was supported in part by a grant from the National Institutes of Health (National Institute on Aging) Grant No. P50 AG11715 under the auspices of the Center for Applied Cognitive Research on Aging (one of the Edward R. Roybal Centers for Research on Applied Gerontology). This chapter is based on a presentation given at the Aging and Skills Conference in Destin, FL ( February, 1995). Thanks to the attendees at the conference for their input and Mary Cregger, Dan Fisk, and Darlene Howard for constructive criticism on a draft of the chapter.


REFERENCES

Adams J. A. ( 1987). "Historical review and appraisal of research on the learning, retention, and transfer of human motor skills". Psychological Bulletin, 101, 41-74.

Anderson J. R. ( 1982). "Acquisition of cognitive skill". Psychological Review, 89, 369-406.

Anderson J. R. (1983). The architecture of cognition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Annett J. ( 1979). "Memory for skill". In M. M. Gruneborg & P. E. Morris (Eds.), Applied problems in memory (pp. 215-247). London: Academic Press.

Bosman E. A. ( 1993). Age-related differences in motoric aspects of transcription typing skill. Psychology and Aging, 8, 87-102.

Brainerd C. J., Kingma J., & Howe M L. ( 1985). "On the development of forgetting". Child Development, 56, 1103-1119.

Charness N., & Bosman E. A. ( 1990). "Expertise and aging: Life in the lab". In T. H. Hess (Ed.), Aging and cognition: Knowledge organization and utilization (pp. 343-385). Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Charness N., & Campell J. I. D. ( 1988). "Acquiring skill at mental calculation in adulthood: A task decomposition". Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 117. 115-129.

Cooke N. J., Durso F. T., & Schvaneveldt R. W. ( 1994). "Retention of skilled search after nine years". Human Factors, 36, 597-605.

Craik F. I. M., & Jennings J. M. ( 1992). "Human memory". In F. I. M. Craik & T. A. Salthouse (Eds.), The handbook of aging and cognition (pp. 51-110). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Druckman D., & Bjork R. A. ( 1991). "In the mind's eye: Enhancing human performance". Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Ebbinghaus H. ( 1964). Memory: A contribution to experimental psychology. ( H. A. Rugers & C. E. Bussenius, Trans.). New York: Dover. (Original work published 1885)

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