Research and writing are largely solitary endeavors, but no historian ever really works alone. I wish to acknowledge the many who contributed so much to this book.
Topping the list are the Wake Island defenders who consented to share their memories with me. A complete list of their names follows the list of abbreviations, but I mention the following here for their extraordinary support: Rear Adm. Winfield Scott Cunningham, USN (Ret.), Brig. Gen. John E Kinney, USMC (Ret.), Brig. Gen. Woodrow M. Kessler, USMC (Ret.), Col. Arthur A. Poindexter, USMC (Ret.), Franklin D. Gross, Ralph J. Holewinski, Henry H. W Chapman, Clifford E. Hotchkiss, Edwin Darby Nye, Edward V. Sturgeon, Joseph E. Borne, Robert F. Haidinger, Wiley W. Sloman, Walter A. Bowsher, John A. (a.k.a. Arvel N.) Hartung, and CWO 4C Charles A. Holmes, USMC (Ret.).
My research was funded in part by a Marine Corps Historical Program Research Grant from the History and Museums Division, Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps; a Zahm Travel Grant from the Office of Advanced Studies, University of Notre Dame; two grants from Notre Dame's Graduate Student Union; and two additional grants from the University Research Council at the University of Central Arkansas.
In an act of supreme generosity, Dr. Shigeyoshi Ozeki flew me to Japan and put me up at his own expense so that I could interview him and another one of Wake's conquerors, Hisao Tsuji.
Over the years, the staffs of various archives treated me with outstanding courtesy and efficiency. For their many kindnesses, I thank Brig. Gen.