Gardens of Prehistory: The Archaeology of Settlement Agriculture in Greater Mesoamerica

By Thomas W. Killion | Go to book overview

subsistence production and that the low-density debris scatter that spatially dominates Area II is the archaeological consequence of one component of that subsistence system.


CONCLUSIONS

Ethnoarchaeological research in the Tuxtlas has shown that the regime of agricultural production, especially the locational focus of production in peasant households, affects the way space is utilized at the residence. This relationship is especially visible in the way debris is managed at different locations around the house lot, providing the structural basis for the house-lot model. The model, in turn, appears to correspond closely with surface and subsurface debris distributions from house lots in the Tuxtlas region and can be used to understand variability in these patterns.

Based on the material consequences of the use of space, the house- lot model has important implications for the archaeological record. Variability in the distribution of surface debris at Matacapan has been related to possible differences in the use of space between two segments of the ancient community at the site. The pattern observed in Area I relates to a portion of the settlement where specialized ceramic- producing households predominated. These households left a distinctive pattern of ceramic debris related to crowded residential conditions in between production areas and workshop middens. In Area II farming households probably predominated. Residential spacing and disposal patterns were relaxed relative to Area I and the ratio of dispersed to concentrated refuse areas suggests a focus on infield cultivation. Below the vegetated cloak of the typical lowland "garden city," Classic period Matacapan had developed into a productively diversified urban community.

This preliminary reading of the archaeological record at Matacapan demonstrates that the house-lot model is a useful tool for examining internal variability in community structure at a Classic period regional center in the Tuxtlas region. Inferences have been made concerning settlement structure and agriculture as well as more specialized forms

-148-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Gardens of Prehistory: The Archaeology of Settlement Agriculture in Greater Mesoamerica
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 334

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.