Social Theory: The Multicultural and Classic Readings

By Charles Lemert | Go to book overview

fighting for a future of freedom for the Negro people of the US, the socialist society is not a hope, not what we may hope, but a compelling necessity. What he or any other Negro leader may say tomorrow, I do not know. But I have followed fairly closely the career of this young man, and I leave you with this very deeply based philosophical conception of political personality. He is far away out, in a very difficult position, and I am sure there are those in his own camp who are doubtful of the positions he is taking, but I believe his future and the future of the policies which he is now advocating does not depend upon him as an individual. It depends upon the actions and reactions of those surrounding him and, to a substantial degree, not only on what you who are listening to me may hope, but also on what you do.❖

Alvin W. Gouldner ( 1920-1980) grew up in the Bronx, where he fashioned himself as a street tough, a self-image he maintained through his life. Gouldner was also a brilliant student in the New York City schools and eventually at Columbia University, where, as a student of Robert K. Merton, he did his doctoral studies in sociology. His thesis was published in two parts, Wildcat Strike ( 1954) and Patterns of Industrial Bureaucracy ( 1954). The latter became a classic in industrial sociology. Though Gouldner would later become one of the world's foremost critical interpreters of Marxism, in his early career he expressed his radical views in a more Weberian form. In the mid-1960s, Gouldner began a major multivolume rethinking of social theory, beginning with Enter Plato ( 1965). He always challenged narrow boundaries. Some classicists hated him for daring to write on the Greeks without a knowledge of the ancient language. He was undaunted. The Coming Crisis of Western Sociology, the source of the selection, appeared in 1970. In many respects, it had an influence similar to Mills Sociological Imagination a decade earlier. Crisis was a kind of textbook for many young radicals pursuing careers in sociology as the 1960s came to an end. His ideas on reflexive sociology are clearly consistent with the New Left ideal of taking seriously the personal as well as the political. Gouldner other books include The Dialectic of Ideology and Technology ( 1976), The Future of Intellectuals and the Rise of the New Class ( 1979), and The Two Marxisms ( 1980). Underneath a rough and abrasive manner, Gouldner was a sensitive soul. These differing personal attributes contributed to his remarkable willingness and ability to see the weakness and strength of his resources. Coming Crisis, like most of what he wrote thereafter, is an attempt to define a third force in social theory--part sociology, part Marxism; part academic, part political. With Gouldner, nothing was ever simple.


Toward a Reflexive Sociology

Alvin W. Gouldner ( 1970)

Sociologists are no more ready than other men to cast a cold eye on their own doings. No more than others are they ready, willing, or able to tell us what they are really doing and to distinguish this firmly from what they should be doing. Professional courtesy stifles intellectual curiosity; guild interests frown upon the washing of dirty linen in public; the teeth of piety bite the tongue of truth. Yet, first and fore-

____________________
Excerpt from The Coming Crisis of Western Sociology ( New York: Basic Books, 1970), pp. 488-495. Reprinted by permission of Basic Books, a Member of the Perseus Books Group.

-428-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Social Theory: The Multicultural and Classic Readings
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 674

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.