RESEARCH FOR PROGRAM PLANNING
There are a common set of research tasks required for the development of a social intervention program. Four critical questions need to be addressed:
1. What is the nature and distribution of the specific problems to which a social program is addressed? 2. Is the intervention delivered to the appropriate and specified target or participating population? 3. Is the project directed at the appropriate aspects of the specific problem? 4. Is the intervention effort properly designed?
The procdures used to answer these questions constitute the evaluation methods generally referred to as process evaluations. Usually a combination of methods including informal interviews and observations, surveys, questionnaires, and record analyses are employed to answer these questions. They provide data for planning and designing effective interventions.